Throughout Africa Malaria is responsible for a great percentage of death. Most death in Africa is centralized in Nigeria region. Although Malaria is worldwide it is particularly devastating in Africa. It is at the point where there are 10 new cases of malaria every second. Every 60 seconds, a child in Africa dies from a malaria infection that can be prevented and treated. Malaria has been brought under control in Asia, Europe, and the Americas but yet Africa is still struggling. With the lack of a health system, poverty and poor environment conditions malaria infections have been on the rise. The Malaria infections can be prevented by spraying insecticides indoors or by sleeping under long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets. These simple nets can save lives; it can reduce malaria transmissions by 90 percent. But factors make it difficult to provide nets to this region. It is hard to buy medication when you survive on $1 per day.     : Name unknown; What is Malaria?; http://www.nothingbutnets.net/learn/what-is-malaria/; (2011). Problem
The economical situation in Nigeria set the region behind in the fight against Malaria. In Nigeria, most of the population is living well below the poverty line. Factors contributing to the epidemic include dense population, poor sanitation, lack of health care, geographical factors such as location and environmental conditions. Hypothesis
Providing insecticide-treated nets will eliminate the spread of Malaria. Purpose
Research demonstrated the factors that contributed to the high rate of malaria in Nigeria. Information on Nigeria’s population, economic structure, and social structure provided a reason for the spread of Malaria. Researching the parasite that causes malaria, provides information on the effects in human body, and suggests possible reasons why the population is suffering from malaria. With the data collected, risk factors such as poverty, medications, sanitation, and location were identified. The major problem was lack of nets due to poverty. Provide insecticide-treated nets to the affected population should reduce further transmission of malaria. Role of the Epidemiologist
After carrying out extensive research and gathering critical data about patterns and probable outbreaks of Malaria, risk factors were identified, such as, economy and social structure. According to community requirements actions are taken to improve factors that contribute to the increase of Malaria. Creating protective measures will protect the population from Malaria. The most productive method in eradicating Malaria from Nigeria is to provide nets to the population. Population Size
Population size is the total number of people inhabiting a specific area. The density of population in Nigeria is among the highest in Africa. It ranges from 100 persons per square kilometer in the northeastern and west-central regions to more than 500 persons per square kilometer in the south and northwestern regions.  With such a high number of people in one area disease can spread rapidly. Urban areas are developed and modernized which makes them less propone the contracting Malaria. That leaves the rural areas that are already living in poverty at risk. With a population of more than 150 million people, one-quarter of all cases of malaria in Africa occur in Nigeria. Over 300,000 Nigerians die each year of the disease. In 2009, statistics showed 100% of Nigerian population at risk of malaria. It was also estimated that 1 out of every 6 Nigerian child die of malaria before their fifth birthday. Malaria accounts for about 60 percent of hospital visits; 30 percent of hospitalizations; 25 percent of deaths in children under one year old; and 11 percent of maternal deaths.  The estimated sex ratio of the total population in 2000 was 1.02 males to 1 female while life expectancy at birth for...