Students Selection for University Course Admission at the Joint A...

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Students Selection for University Course Admission at the Joint Admissions Board (Kenya) Using Trained Neural Networks

By | August 2012
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Journal of Information Technology Education Volume 10, 2011
Students Selection for University Course Admission at the Joint Admissions Board (Kenya) Using Trained Neural Networks Franklin Wabwoba Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Kakamega, Kenya fwabwoba@gmail.com

Fullgence M. Mwakondo, Mombasa Polytechnic University College, Mombasa, Kenya mwakondopoly@gmail.com
Executive Summary
Every year, the Joint Admission Board (JAB) is tasked to determine those students who are ex-pected to join various Kenyan public universities under the government sponsorship scheme. This exercise is usually extensive because of the large number of qualified students compared to the very limited number of slots at various institutions and the shortage of funding from the govern-ment. Further, this is made complex by the fact that the selections are done against a predefined cluster subjects vis a vis the student’s preferred and applied for academic courses. Minimum re-quirements exist for each course and only students having the prescribed grades in specific sub-jects are eligible to join that course. Due to this, students are often admitted to courses they con-sider irrelevant to their career prospects and not their preferred choices. This process is tiresome, costly, and prone to bias, errors, or favour, leading to disadvantaging innocent students. This paper examines the potential use of artificial neural networks at the JAB for the process of selecting students for university courses. Based on the fact that Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have been tested and used in classification, the paper explains how a trained neural network can be used to perform the students’ placement effectively and efficiently. JAB will be able, therefore, to undertake the students’ placement thoroughly and be able to accomplish it with minimal wastage of time and resources respectively without having to utilise unnecessary effort. The paper outlines how the various metrics can be...