Types of students’ indiscipline
Gangesterism is defined in many ways. Standing (2005) asked several people to define the term ‘gangsterism’. According to him, gangsterism can be defined as an “anti-social way of life that pitches loyalty to the gang against loyalty to institution of civilized society, such as the school, the family, the church and the justice system” (p. 10). Kinnes (2000) points out “those gang members may range in age from youngster (‘corner kids’) to adults between 20 and 40 years of age” (p. 5-6). There are a lot of gangsterism among student cases nowaday. Austin Camoens (2010) reported that there were four form five students have been detained in connection with the abduction and beating of another student who wanted to quit a gang. Johor Police Chief Deputy Comm Datuk Mohd Mokhtar Mohd Shariff said the four boys who were supposed to sit for their SPM exams this year were detained to facilitate investigations over the abduction and beating of Lim Bing Li, 17.
Bully can best be defined as an imbalance power. Whenever there is imbalance power or strength that is either real or perceived there is a potential for the greater power to intentionally threaten or harm the weaker one. This power struggles usually takes place over a sustained period of time has the potential to escalate into violence (Judy H. Wright, 2010). Bully among our youth is a significant problem – and it is steadily increasing. Many experts fear bullying has become widespread and common; adults are blinded to its extensive harm (Michele Borba, 1999). Within the school environment, bully usually occur in areas with minimal or no adults, teacher supervision. It can occur in or around the schools building, though it more often occurs in outside classes like sports, at lunch break, in toilets, the playground, in and waiting for buses or during after-school activities (Elliott, 1999). P. Gunasegaram (2010) reports that a school student in Royal...
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