Giselle Güemes Verástegui
Brenda Acosta Treviño
Steroids, the common name for synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones, promote muscle growth and the development of male sexual characteristics. Steroids are legally only with a prescription. They are prescribed to treat conditions such as delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and body wasting in patients suffering from AIDS. Steroids are abused, often by athletes, to improve physical appearance. Steroids are available in tablet, liquid, gel, and cream. The appearance of these products varies depending the type. Individuals who abuse of steroids take doses that are 10 to 100 times higher than those used for medical conditions. Steroid abusers often take two or more different forms of the drug and mix oral steroids with injectable steroids; also frequently administer their doses in cycles of 6 to 12 weeks. In general, steroid abuse is higher among men than women; however, steroid abuse is growing most among young women. Steroid abuse among high school students is a particular problem. Steroid abuse is associated with physical and emotional problems. Physical consequences include tumors, cancer, high blood pressure and increases in cholesterol levels. Emotional problems associated with steroids include depression, irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment.
Types of steroids:
Androgenic: Ipromotes growth by increasing the metabolic processes involved with protein synthesis and is used to promote weight gain. They are used by bodybuilders and athletes to increase muscle mass, strength, and stamina.
Corticosteroid: are classes of anti-inflammatory drugs that can be used to control severe swelling, and can control certain types of pain. They are designed to act like steroids that occur naturally in your body. Corticosteroids work by altering the immune response, controlling inflammation which can...