Why Steroids Should Be Regulated in Sports

Topics: Anabolic steroid, Testosterone, Androgen Pages: 7 (2661 words) Published: April 26, 2011
Should Steroids Be Regulated in Sports?
What are anabolic steroids? Anabolic steroid is the familiar name for synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones; androgens. They promote the growth of skeletal muscle and the development of male sexual characteristics, and also have some other effects. In the medical field, steroids are used for treating delayed puberty, wasting of the body due to such condition as HIV, and osteoporosis. Anabolic steroids are developed to copy the body building traits of testosterone while reducing its masculine effects. Also, it helps the body to retain dietary protein and aiding growth of muscles, bones, and skin. Steroids are commonly used by bodybuilders, weightlifters, and other athletes. The usage of steroids gives the user an unfair advantage over other athletes that have worked hard to gain muscle mass without using steroids. It is easy for someone to cheat and win. With steroids, you are tricking your body. You are creating something that is not you, and that is why you are cheating. It is estimated that as many as six million Americans have used or currently use steroids. It is unbelievable that somebody could somehow live more easily and more pleasantly because of chemicals. It is fine if someone is using steroids to recover from an injury so they can get back to work and behave like an ordinary person, but God forbid they should use anymore steroids than necessary and become unusually strong. That would be morally wrong. In the same way, it is fine if people use Prozac to feel normal, and it is fine if they use Xanax to calm down before giving a speech; as long as these drugs are used only for the point of functioning as a citizen. However, as soon as the person starts using Xanax for fun it becomes morally wrong. Athletes should be regulated closely because anabolic steroids are considered cheating. The use of these drugs violates the rules of all athletics. Anabolic steroids are traced far back in history. Most steroids are illegal but still athletes use them, and put themselves at risk themselves of dangerous side effects that come with using steroids. First of all, it was believed that anabolic steroid use began in the early half of the 20th century by athletes. Beginning in the 1930s a German scientist accidentally discovered anabolic steroids in pharmaceutical form. It was originally used to treat hypogonadism, a condition in which the testes do not produce the sufficient amount of testosterone for normal growth, development, or sexual functioning. Researchers had no immediate interest to pursue the drug utility. However, in the late 1930s researchers started testing dogs with anabolic steroids and they discovered an increase in muscle mass. In the 1940s it is believed that anabolic steroids were given to Prisoners of War that were suffering from malnutrition. Anabolic steroids were introduced into the sports world in the 1940s. After a decade athletes in Europe and Russia were using steroids to increase their strength. Dr. Ziegler was able to prove that testosterone was the reason for the increased performance. The Olympics created the first history of steroid use in sports after the Russian weightlifting team won medals at the 1952 Olympics. The FDA approved Dianabol after the promising trials in other countries. The Dianabol is believed to be the first anabolic steroid in sports history. Dianabol quickly became popular among athletes or other sports persons. The drug helped the United States weightlifters win in the 1962 World Championships. In 1964 all the top steroids were on the market. In 1972 a study was done that showed no big difference of noticing who received anabolic steroid injection and those who were given placebo. Later in 1996, the National Institute of Health (NIH) decided to examine the effect of the drug by injecting testosterone enanthate in high doses intramuscularly at the rate of 600 mg/week for 10 weeks. The results gave...
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