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The Bioecological Model of Human

Pamela George

Sociology 312

Professor: McAleer

Date: 2/27/2012

The Ecological systems focus on interrelationships between humans and the

environments. The environment in which a child is raised in can have a large impact on

ones growth and developmental outcomes. Schools and teachers who provide a

learning atmosphere. To develop intellectually, emotionally, socially, and morality

includes interaction of family care, school, peer group, and community all

working together to build a strong communication between them. There are four basic

systems in the The Bioecological Model of Human Development, they are the

Microsystem, Mesosystem, Exosystem, Macrosystem.

Microsystem is a pattern of activities, social roles and interpersonal relations

experienced by the child in a given face-to-face setting with particular physical,social

interactions with the immediate environment, the ones the child has direct contact with,

such as family, peers, school or childcare environments and neighborhood.

The parents may affect the child’s beliefs and behavior, but the child may also

affects the behavior and beliefs of the parent. Bronfenbrenner calls these bi-directional

influences. These relationships and interactions in the Microsystem are the strongest

and have the greatest impact on the child. Adults need to be good role models because

children will observe their behavior and try to imitate it. If the adults promote positive

healthy interactions it shows children an effective way to communicate in a self-

confident manner. In a peer group ,children get a sense of who they are and what they

can do by comparison with other. Sometimes children are unsupervised by adults,

thereby gaining experience in independence.

The Mesosystem is connections between the structures of the child’s

Microsystem. This refers to the relation of family and the school, or the family and the

peer group . For example, if a child’s caregivers take an active role in a child’s school,

such as going to parent-teacher conferences and watching their child’s soccer games,

this will help ensure the child’s overall grow. In contrast, If the child’s two sets of

caretakers, mother with step-father and father with stepmother, disagree how to best

raise the child and give the child conflicting lesson when they see him, this will hinder

the child’s growth in different channels. Another example would be children whose

parents have rejected them may have difficulty developing positive relations with

teachers. Where there is little linkage between home and school “in terms of values,

experiences, objects, and behavioral style,” there also tends to be little academic

achievement for the child (Bern 2010). The Mesosystems, provide support for activities

going on in microsystems. When parents invite a child’s friends to their home, or

encourage their child to join a club, team, or youth group, the socialization impact of the

peer is enhanced through parental approval. The family is the closest, most intense

most durable, and influential part of the mesosystem. The influences of the family

extend to all aspects of the child’s development; language, nutrition, security, health,

and beliefs are all developed through the input and behavior related feedback within

the family. The children that come to Headstart centers are largely a product of the

family they are a part of. The teachers need to be able to deal with a great variety of

family systems in understanding their children....
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