In the following situations, decide whether you would use a personal interview, telephone survey, or self-administered questionnaire. Give your reasons. 1. A survey of the residents of a new subdivision on why they happened to select that area in which to live. You also wish to secure some information about what they like and do not like about life in the subdivision. A self-administered questionnaire is the survey I would choose for the situation. The self-administered questionnaire would give the respondents time to think about their responses. It would also allow multiple people in the household to be able to respond. The questionnaire can be mailed to the residents of the new subdivision. The addresses will be easy to pin-pointed for mailing the questionnaire in the subdivision. The telephone survey may provide incorrect data. The information may not be from the best person in the household to answer the survey. The information will be given without time to think about the response. The time to set up the telephone survey may not benefit the survey taker and they may not answer the phone or may give thought-out responses because they are distracted. The personal interview may not be beneficial for the responder for the survey. They may have a time constraint or they may not have time to plan for a one-on-one survey. The time and place would have to be planned between both the respondent and the one giving the questionnaire. The personal interview would also cost extra for having a place for the survey for the one-on-one interview and the person giving the survey. 2. A poll of students at Metro University on their preferences among three candidates who are running for president of the student government. A self-administered questionnaire is the survey I would choose for this situation. A self-administered questionnaire would give the...

...Types of Surveys
QNT/561 - Applied Business Research and Statistics
5. In the following situations, decide whether you would use a personal interview, telephone survey, or self-administered questionnaire. Give your reasons.
a. A survey of the residents of a new subdivision on why they happened to select that area in which to live. You also wish to secure some information about what they like and do not like about life in the subdivision.
To survey residents of a new subdivision, I would use personal interview for this scenario. It would provide more detail about life in the subdivision and why they selected the area in which to live. There would be various different answers for both questions by the residents which could not easily be covered in a self-administered questionnaire. Since this is targeted to residents of a new subdivision, travel expenses would not be very high as compared surveying people across the country, and depending on how new the subdivision is, residents may not have phone service yet. This would cause issues with using telephone surveys. Personal interviews would also provide a way to welcome residents to the neighborhood and try to make them feel more welcome. This may relax the resident and make them feel more comfortable about sharing information. The interviewer can note conditions during the interview such as the resident’s body...

...Trajico, Maria Liticia D.
BSEd III-A2
REFLECTION
The first thing that puffs in my mind when I heard the word STATISTIC is that it was a very hard subject because it is another branch of mathematics that will make my head or brain bleed of thinking of how I will handle it. I have learned that statistic is a branch of mathematics concerned with the study of information that is expressed in numbers, for example information about the number of times something happens. As I examined on what the statement says, the phrase “number of times something happens” really caught my attention because my subconscious says “here we go again the non-stop solving, analyzing of problems” and I was right. This course of basic statistic has provided me with the analytical skills to crunch numerical data and to make inference from it. At first I thought that I will be alright all along with this subject but it seems that just some part of it maybe it is because I don’t pay much of my attention to it but I have learned many things. I have learned my lesson.
During our every session in this subject before having our midterm examination I really had hard and bad times in coping up with this subject. When we have our very first quiz I thought that I would fail it but it did not happen but after that, my next quizzes I have taken I failed. I was always feeling down when in every quiz I failed because even though I don’t like this...

...uncertainty explicitly.
In addition to data analysis, other decision making techniques are discussed. These techniques
include decision analysis, project scheduling and network models.
Chapter 1 illustrates a number of ways to summarise the information in data sets, also known as
descriptive statistics. It includes graphical and tabular summaries, as well as summary measures
such as means, medians and standard deviations.
Uncertainty is a key aspect of most business problems. To deal with uncertainty, we need a basic
understanding of probability. Chapter 2 covers basic rules of probability and in Chapter 3 we
discuss the important concept of probability distributions in some generality.
In Chapter 4 we discuss statistical inference (estimation), where the basic problem is to estimate
one or more characteristics of a population. Since it is too expensive to obtain the population
information, we instead select a sample from the population and then use the information in the
sample to infer the characteristics of the population.
In Chapter 5 we look at the topic of regression analysis which is used to study relationships
between variables.
In Chapter 6 we study another type of decision making called decision analysis where costs and
proﬁts are considered to be important. The problem is not whether to accept or reject a statement
but to select the best alternative from a list of several possible decisions. Usually no statistical...

...sampling method that Mr. Kwok is using is Stratified Random Sampling Method. In this case study, Mr Kwok collected a random sample of 1000 flights and proportions of three routes in the sample. He divides them into different sub-groups such as satisfaction, refreshments and departure time and then selects proportionally to highlight specific subgroup within the population. The reasons why Mr Kwok used this sampling method are that the cost per observation in the survey may be reduced and it also enables to increase the accuracy at a given cost.
TABLE 1: Data Summaries of Three Routes
Route 1
Route 2
Route 3
Normal(88.532,5.07943)
Normal(97.1033,5.04488)
Normal(107.15,5.15367)
Summary Statistics
Mean
88.532
Std Dev
5.0794269
Std Err Mean
0.2271589
Upper 95% Mean
88.978306
Lower 95% Mean
88.085694
N
500
Sum
44266
Summary Statistics
Mean
97.103333
Std Dev
5.0448811
Std Err Mean
0.2912663
Upper 95% Mean
97.676525
Lower 95% Mean
96.530142
N
300
Sum
29131
Summary Statistics
Mean
107.15
Std Dev
5.1536687
Std Err Mean
0.3644194
Upper 95% Mean
107.86862
Lower 95% Mean
106.43138
N
200
Sum
21430
From the table above, the total number of passengers for route 1 is 44,266, route 2 is 29,131 and route 3 is 21,430 and the total numbers of passengers for 3 routes are...

...Types of Variables
Binary variable
Obsevations (i.e., dependent variables) that occur in one of two possible states, often labelled zero and one. E.g., “improved/not improved” and “completed task/failed to complete task.” Usually an independent or predictor variable that contains values indicating membership in one of several possible categories. E.g., gender (male or female), marital status (married, single, divorced, widowed). The categories are often assigned numerical values used as lables, e.g., 0 = male; 1 = female. Synonym for nominal variable. A variable that obscures the effects of another variable. If one elementary reading teacher used used a phonics textbook in her class and another instructor used a whole language textbook in his class, and students in the two classes were given achievement tests to see how well they read, the independent variables (teacher effectiveness and textbooks) would be confounded. There is no way to determine if differences in reading between the two classes were caused by either or both of the independent variables. A variable that is not restricted to particular values (other than limited by the accuracy of the measuring instrument). E.g., reaction time, neuroticism, IQ. Equal size intervals on different parts of the scale are assumed, if not demonstrated. Synonym for interval variable. An extraneous variable that an investigator does not wish to examine in a study. Thus the investigator controls this variable....

...compliments the regular mathematics and therefore both are tested in primary schools. Mathematics is the written application of operation. It teaches students to think clearly, reason well and strategize effectively. Mental Mathematics is the ability to utilise mathematical skills to solve problems mentally. The marks scored by pupils generate statistics which are used by teachers to analyse a student’s performance and development of theories to explain the differences in performance.
The Standard 3 class is where the transition from junior to senior level occurs where teachers expect the transference of concrete to abstract thinking would have occurred.
A common theory by many primary school teachers is ‘Students perform better in Mathematics than Mental math. Mental math is something that has to be developed and involves critical thinking. Mental math requires quick thinking and the student must solve the problem in their minds whereas in regular mathematics, the problem can be solved visually. Therefore, teachers should take these factors into consideration while testing and marking students in these areas.’
In this study, the statistics of 30 students of a standard 3 class of San Fernando Boys’ Government School will be analysed to determine the truth of this theory.
DATA COLLECTION METHODS
Mathematics and mental mathematics marks of term 1 of the class of 2013 were obtained from a Standard 3 teacher of San Fernando Boys’...

...Statistics 1
Business Statistics
LaSaundra H. – Lancaster
BUS 308 Statistics for Managers
Instructor Nicole Rodieck
3/2/2014
Statistics 2
When we hear about business statistics, when think about the decisions that a manager makes to help make his/her business successful. But do we really know what it takes to run a business on a statistical level? While some may think that businessstatistics is too much work because it entails a detailed decision making process that includes calculations, I feel that without educating yourself on the processes first you wouldn’t know how to imply statistics. This is a tool managers will need in order to run a successful business. In this paper I will review types of statistical elements like: Descriptive, Inferential, hypothesis development and testing and the evaluation of the results. Also I will discuss what I have learned from business statistics.
My description of Descriptive statistics is that they are the numerical elements that make up a data that can refer to an amount of a categorized description of an item such as the percentage that asks the question, “How many or how much does it take to “ and the outcome numerical amount. According to “Dr. Ashram’s Statistics site” “The quantities most commonly used to measure the dispersion of the...

...
MBA 501A – [STATISTICS]
ASSIGNMENT 4
INSTRUCTIONS: You are to work independently on this assignment. The total number of points possible is 50. Please note that point allocation varies per question. Use the Help feature in MINITAB 16 to read descriptions for the data sets so that you can make meaningful comments.
[10 pts] 1. Use the data set OPENHOUSE.MTW in the Student14 folder. Perform the Chi
Square test for independence to determine whether style of home and location are are related. Use α = 0.05. Explain your results.
Pearson Chi-Square = 37.159, DF = 3, P-Value = 0.000
Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square = 40.039, DF = 3, P-Value = 0.000
The P value associated with out chi square is 0.00 and the Alpha level is 0.05 so we reject the null hypothesis. The P- value is less than the alpha level. So, we conclude that style of homes and locations are not related.
[10 pts] 2. Use the data set TEMCO.MTW in the Student14 folder. Perform the Chi
Square test for independence to determine whether department and gender are related. Use α = 0.05. Explain your results.
Pearson Chi-Square = 1.005, DF = 3, P-Value = 0.800
Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square = 1.012, DF = 3, P-Value = 0.798
The P-value associated with out chi square is 0.800 and the Alpha level is 0.05 we can see that we are unable to reject the null hypothesis. The P- value is greater than the alpha level. So, we conclude that departments and gender are related..
[30 pts] 3. Use the data set...