Sports Psychology

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Jacqulyn Bishop
Mr. Schleeter
English 10A
14 May 2012
Sports Psychology
My purpose is to tell you about sports psychology. You may not know a lot about but that is why I am writing this paper. My topic is about sports psychology. Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from the fields of kinesiology and psychology. In other words it’s the physical body and the mind.

It involves the study of how psychological factors affect performance. Some of these psychological factors include: anxiety, peer pressure, parents, motivation, self-confidence, personality, opposition, coach, and ability. It also involves how participation in sport and exercise affect psychological and physical factors. Also the instruction and training for performance improvement. It is also the study and application of the attitude of athletes and their team mates that impact (either positive or negative) performance in sports and/or competitive setting.

I know sport psychology has a lot to do with the players, parents, and coaches. Such as the parents can be way too harsh on the kids to do well or they might yell at them during or after the game. Telling them that they didn’t play good enough, you need to learn to do certain things, or that they did well which insures them that they did good and they didn’t let their parents down. I also know that the goal sports psychology is to help athletes and teams identify unhealthy attitudes and beliefs. Then apply mental toughness skills and peak performance strategies to perform at optimal levels.

Coleman Griffith (1893-1966) was the 1st psychologist ever. In 1925 he studied for sports psychology. He wrote and published two books. The first book was Psychology of Coaching in 1926 and the second one was in 1928 called Psychology of athletes. Griffith was a sports psychologist for the Notre Dame football in 1924 and the Chicago Cubs in 1937. What is Mental Training?

(Mental training is portions of sport psychology that concentrates especially on helping athletes break through “mental barriers” that are keeping them from hitting their potential peak.) Some mental factors such as: confidence, composure, focus, and motivation are highly significant to athletic training. Positive thinking, imagery, and goal setting can be applied in sports to help athletes perform and prepare for competition. “When you get to the elite level in sports, athletically, what separates the really great performers are the ones who are mentally tough and see things a little bit quicker than their competitors.” (Edger, Mike) These athletes have the ability to move on after mistakes, maintain confidence and composure in the face of adversity, and focus on what is need to execute each task successfully. Breaking free of a Slump

A slump in sports is where you put yourself in a certain position and don’t know how to get out of it. Well for starters you can focus on performance instead of results. Second, stop making comparisons to your completion. Then, stay committed to your dreams in sports. Next, change your training routine (mental game improvement). Finally, take time off. In other words take breaks and let your body heal form all the stuff you put it through. So pretty much it’s like taking a vacation but for your body.

How to Perform Your Best in Big Games
(For some people it’s hard to get focused on how to perform their best.) Well here are some tips to help you out. First you want to develop a consistent pregame routine. Then, focus on the game and not you competitors. If you focus on your competitors you’re not focusing on how well you can do but instead saying you’re doing things wrong and comparing yourself to others. Next, focus on the process and not on the results. Focusing on results causes you to think too far ahead and sets too many expectations for competition. When you focus on the results, you lose focus on the current play, point or shot and you can’t...
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