Ayun

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  • Topic: Psychology, Sport psychology, 20th century
  • Pages : 2 (566 words )
  • Download(s) : 13
  • Published : September 28, 2012
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Even during the time of the Ancient Greeks, psychology was associated to sports. The Greeks acknowledge the mental training needed by olympians in preparation for their sports event. Thus, psychological skills training was incorporated to the olympian's standard four-day build-up procedure know as tetrad. Despite the acceptance that athlete's success depends on "total preparation" (physical and mental preparation), sport psychology had to wait for several years before being recognized as a new branch of Psychology. It took until the early 20th century to see the coming-together of sports psychology as a subdiscipline. Norman Triplett is the first pioneer of sports psychology, carrying out the earliest systematic sports psychology research. He coined the term dynamogism or social facilitation. This is the tendency for people who are being watched or oberved to perform better than they would alone on simple tasks. This theory came to light when Triplett began to study competetive nature with children. To do this, Triplett gave children fishing reels so as to pull a flag around a track. He then concluded that when the children were competing, they were much more competetive. Though Norman Triplett had made some important observations, it was not still enough to call sports psychology as a new scientific discipline. It was not until Dr. Carl Diem, chief organiser of the infamous Hitler's Games, established the world's first sports psychology labarotary at the Deutsche Sporthochschule in 1920 that the eastern european countries concentrated in making sports psychology as a new scientific discipline. In the former USSR, from the 1920's onwards both Avksenty Cezarevich Puni and Piotr Roudik helped and and played key roles in the establishment of sports psychology. Professor Puni opened a sports psychology labaratory at the Institute of Physical Culture in Leningrad. He also formulated a theory on mental toughness. He stated that all athletes need confindence in their...
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