Martha Ureña Montoya
February 18, 2013
In a veterinary surgical room most spaying procedures take around five to 15 minutes to complete, it consists of different steps which are needed in order to complete the procedure correctly. The spaying procedure is what veterinaries do to prevent unwanted female animals, every year millions of cats and dogs, no matter age or breed are put down using euthanasia or left as strays. Stray animals are a real problem all over the country, they can cause car accidents, and damage our city or personal property and some of them can even frighten us or attack us is they feel threatened. Spaying your female animal can lower these high numbers of unwanted litters or strays because she won’t go into heat after her surgery. Spaying not only prevents unwanted litters in your home or streets, it also helps prevent uterine infections and breast cancer. 50 percent of dogs and 90 percent of cats die because of breast cancer or uterine infections. Spaying is the surgical removal of the internal reproductive structures in a female animal, including her ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterine body. Which basically means the female reproductive tract which is responsible for egg production; embryo and fetus development and the secretion of the major female hormones get removed. Most vets prefer to perform this surgery on females that are not in heat because the uterine horns become thicker than usual during this period of time. Before the veterinarian can begin the procedure, the female animal has to be fully unconscious so that she won’t move or feel any pain while the surgery is being done. The animal is injected with a sedative and general anesthetic drugs to make it go to sleep. When the anesthesia has kicked in, an endotracheal tube is placed down its main airway to help it breathe and keep its airway clear of vomit or other secretions. The animal is now kept under anesthesia...