Materials Required: FRACTIONAL CHARTS, REAL OBJECTS
Activity Time: 2:10-3:10 PM
Concepts Taught: Solves word problem involving addition in similar fraction

A SAMPLE LESSON PLAN IN MATHEMATICS GRADE FOUR
USING BLOCK MODEL APPROACH
I. Objective
Solves word problem involving addition in similar fraction
{Learn to be generous all the time}
II. Subject Matter
A. Solving word problem involving addition in similar fraction B. BEC-PELC, Mathematics 4, Textbook, pp. 105-106
C. Textbooks, flashcards, charts, show-me-board, cut-out objects III. Learning Procedure
A. Drill
Identify whether the given fraction is proper or similar fraction 1. 5/4
2. 1/5
3. 6/8
B. Review

Tell whether each given example is similar or dissimilar fraction 1. 2/4, 1/2, 1/3
2. 3/5, 1/5, 2/5
3. 1/8, 3/8, 5/8
C. Motivation
*(Hanapin mo ang kasama ko)
*Finding the pair of object in order to form a similar fraction and after that adding all the newly found objects by using their corresponding fraction as written on the object. B. 1. Presentation

Amy and Iris were invited in a party. Amy eats 2/4 of the whole cake, and Iris eats twice as much Amy has eaten. How many parts of the cake they have eaten in all? Amy-
2/4
Iris-
4/4
Now, we will use shaded and not shaded blocks to represent the parts of the cake that they have eaten in all. So, out of six parts of the cake, Amy has eaten two parts of it, while Iris has eaten four parts of it. Thus, the shaded blocks represent the total parts of the cake they have eaten in all. Therefore; 2/4+4/4= 6/4 or 1 and 2/4

6/4- total parts of the cake did Amy and Iris have eaten in all. 2. How many parts of the cake did Amy and Iris eat in all?
3. In adding similar fraction, simply add the numerators and copy the denominators of each fraction, reduce it to the lowest term if necessary. 4. How will you add similar fractions?
5. Find the sum
Ariel and Allan were given a gift by their grandma. Ariel received ½ amount of the gift as...

...Competency Test
SolvingProblems with Similar Triangles
In the previous document in this series, we defined the concept of similar triangles, ∆ABC ∼ ∆A’B’C’ as a pair of triangles whose sides and angles could be put into correspondence in such a way that it is true that property (i): A = A’ and B = B’ and C = C’. property (ii):
a b c = = a' b' c '
If property (i) is true, property (ii) is guaranteed to be true. If property (ii) is true, then property (i) is guaranteed to be true. We also demonstrated some strategies for establishing that two triangles are similar using property (i). This is very useful to be able to do, since then, we may be able to use the property (ii) conditions to calculate unknown lengths in the triangles. Example 1: Given that lines DE and AB are parallel in the figure to the right, determine the value of x, the distance between points A and D. solution: First, we can demonstrate that ∆CDE ∼ ∆CAB because C=C and ∠CDE = ∠CAB because line AC acts as a transversal across the parallel lines AB and DE, and since ∠CDE and ∠CAB are corresponding angles in this case, they are equal. Since two pairs of corresponding angles are equal for the two triangles, we have demonstrated that they are similar triangles. To avoid error in exploiting the similarity of these triangles, it is useful to redraw them as separate triangles:
B 11
D 7 E
B E 11 A 7 x D 15 C
(by...

...ProblemSolving
Younger Sibling Problems
Younger siblings can be a problem that will lead to a bigger problem, your parents being angry at you for never being home. My younger brothers, CJ and Colin, are obnoxious and very annoying. CJ is six years younger than me and Colin is eight years younger than me. You wouldn’t think that they would be a problem to me since there is such an age difference between us, but they are. Since my brothers annoy me I am rarely home; my parents get angry with me for it, but there is not much I can do when both of my brothers get on my nerves; most of the time they do it at the same time. A big problem for me is that my brothers annoy me so much that I have to leave and go somewhere that does not involve my brothers, which causes my parents to be mad at me.
CJ, the older brother, is so mouthy. He always has something to say to me when I try talk to him; most of the time it is not nice, it is usually something rude. It seems like he was raised not to be respectful, but he wasn’t raised that way. For example, one day I asked him nicely to grab my cellphone and his reply was “why don’t you get up and get it yourself, both of your legs work, right?” I do not know why he acts the way he does, but it gets on my nerves. CJ and I always argue about everything. For instance, when I am in the living room watching TV he will try to play the Xbox, but I...

...In my efforts to solve a problem I have often begun by identifying the one issue that affects me and focus on the individual tasks that led to the problem attempting to use logical and critical thinking. I have hit upon the realization that this focus works well with simpler problems that need immediate clarification but it has proven appropriate that problems that are more difficult and require a more long-term and elaborate answer requires the use of a Systems Thinking approach. My failure to seek broad, long-term solutions has me stamping out grass fires while my house burns down. I have adopted Daniel Aronson ideas on systems thinking to aid in keeping “the big picture” when developing solutions.
Critical and creative thinking processes are required when solvingproblems using systems thinking but I see the concentration shift from breaking down and examining individual tasks to studying how various system tasks shape both that system and the other systems in which it interacts.
When using systems thinking, essential in arriving to an amicable and effective end state are the realizations that must be shared by the solution seekers. To which all players must realize that their roles affect other stakeholders and the desired outcome. Each seeker should study how past solutions have added to a problem and therefore any steps to correct a current problem...

...ProblemSolving in Addition and Subtraction
Steps in solvingwordproblems
1. Read and understand the problem
a. What is asked in the problem?
b. What are the given facts?
2. Plan what to do.
a. What operation should be used to solve the problem?
b. What is the number sentence?
3. Do the required operation.
a. Solve the problem.
4. Check the answer.
a. Is the answer reasonable?
b. Does it answer the question?
Read each problem carefully. Answer the questions to solve each problem.
1. Veronica read 278 pages for a pocketbook while Mylene read 395 pages of another pocketbook. How many pages did they both read in all?
a. What is asked in the problem?
________________________________________________________________
b. What are the given facts?
________________________________________________________________
c. What is the operation to be used?
________________________________________________________________
d. What is the number sentence?
________________________________________________________________
e. What is the answer?
2. Mang Efren and his tenants planted 184 coconut trees. And 247 mango trees in his farm. How many trees did they plant?
a. What is asked in the problem?
________________________________________________________________...

...Yin Minn Myat
CRT 100-012/ Prof: McHenry
Submitted: April 01, 2014
Throughout the history, people have a lot of problem and still they have loads of problem to solve until they die. I am the one who include these people. Mostly I don’t have a problem, mean I didn’t have serious problem in my life. I live with my parents since 2010 and I came to the United State in August 2010. The first time, within 20 year, I lived alone in NYC and I stated my new life alone. Honesty, I did not see any big problem so I have never thought how to solve the problem. Now I found a problem which always makes me feel uncomfortable. It is about my relationship and it makes me feel unsafe between me and my society.
First of all, I date with different nationality. My boyfriend is from Ukraine and my parents totally disagreed my relationship. The reason is clear he is not Buddhist. I have no chance to explain why I choose him, they denied my excuses. I only hate why they can’t accept my relationship. My parents wanted me to date with only Burmese. I don’t know why I date with this Ukraine and I fall in love with him. So I decided to move in with him but there is a thing I was not ready for marry him. But my parents thought that I will marry this guy very soon. I moved in with him December 2011. Truth, I don’t even let my parents know my situation. My culture and my society won’t accept the...

...about generational differences in workplaces. Firstly, causes, which are the lack of understanding probably due to biases, common attitudes and tools of communication worth an in-depth investigation, followed by consequences of the problem, that is confusion, mistanding, and even confilcits of each other. Ultimately, solutions of the problem due to generational differences in a workplace will be delineated.
Communication is the conveying of ideas together with absorbing one’s opinions (Sinclair, 2001). ‘We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen twice as much as we speak’ – to communicate effectively, we should put effort into listening to and thus understanding each other (Epictetus). However, an effective communication is exactly what is lacking between different generations, which is one of the major problems in a workplace.
First of all, generations do not understand one another well probably due to each’s biases against the others: the idea that the older generations are stubborn and reluctant to accept new opinions is deep-rooted among Gen Y-ers, the younger generations, while Gen X-ers, the older generations deem that the youngsters nowadays are lackadaisical. What must not be overlooked is that the mass media has worsened the problem by developing terms like “70s’”, “80s’” and “90s’” that encompass stereotypical and generalizing qualities regarding each group, causing even greater prejudice...

...Solving 2- step wordproblem s involving multiplication and any of addition or subtraction
I. Learning Objectives
Cognitive: Solves 2- step wordproblemsinvolving multiplication and any of addition or subtraction.
Psychomotor: Wrote the solution accurately.
Affective: work cooperatively with the group.
II. Learning Content
Skill: Solving 2- step wordproblem s involving multiplication and any of addition or subtraction.
Reference: BEC – PELC I D 8.1-textbooks
Materials: textbook, fleshcards, chart, learning activity sheet
Value: Cooperation
III. Learning Experiences
A. Preparatory Activities
1. Drill
In the blank after each word name, write the standard name.
Story:
The statue of liberty is one hundred fifty- one _____ feet tall. The tip of the torch is three hundred five ____ feet above the ground. It was made with over three hundred ____ thin sheets of copper. To climb the top of the statue, there are one hundred sixty-eight ____ steps.
1. The largest number of the story is ____.
2. The smallest number in the story is _____.
3. The numbers in this story that are less than 186 are ____ and _____.
4. The numbers in the story that are greater than 200 are ____ and ____.
2. Review
a. Asking the pupils about the different steps in...

...Decision-Making & ProblemSolving
“Thinking is any mental activity that helps formulate or solve a problem, make a decision, or fulfill a desire to understand. It is a searching for answers, a reaching for meaning.” –Vincent Ryan Ruggiero
* Develop evidence to support views
* Analyze situations carefully
* Discuss subjects in an organized way
* Predict the consequences of actions
* Weigh alternatives
* Generate and organize ideas
* Form and apply concepts
* Design systematic plans of action
A 5 Step ProblemSolving Strategy
1. Specify the problem – the first step to solving a problem is to identify it as specifically as possible. It involves evaluating the present state and determining how it differs from the goal state.
2. Analyze the problem - analyzing the problem involves learning as much as you can about it. It may be necessary to look beyond the obvious, surface situation, to stretch your imagination and reach for more creative options.
* seek other perspectives (ask other people there opinion)
* be flexible in your analysis
* consider various strands of impact
* brainstorm about all possibilities and implications (use some brainstorm activities)
* Research problems for which you lack complete information. Get help.
3....

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