Sociology

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Multiple Choice Questions

This activity contains 15 questions.

A system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy is called
stereotyping.
social mobility.
social stratification.
social inequality.

What system of castes is composed of Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra? the Indian caste system
the South African system
the British class system
the British estate system

In 1948 in South Africa, the white minority ensured their political control over the black majority by relying on a policy of racial separation called
ukuhleleleka.
apartheid.
the estate system.
the slavery system.

Social stratification based largely on individual achievement is called a
caste system.
class system.
estate system.
classless society.

What is the key reason why classes are less well defined than castes?
There are many pure caste systems, but few pure class systems. There are many pure class systems, but few pure caste systems. low status consistency
low social mobility

In the United Kingdom, a more rigid stratification exists in the importance attached to
accent.
family names.
clothes.
material possessions.

Although Soviet officials claimed they had engineered the first classless society following the Russian Revolution of 1917, analysts outside the Soviet Union pointed out that the jobs people held in the former Soviet Union formed a four-level ranking. Which category of workers was at the top?
manual workers
rural peasantry
high government officials
Soviet intelligentsia

What do sociologists call a shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts?
perestroika...
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