Socio Economic Status 2010 Related Literature in Foreign for Education Essays and Term Papers

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Spratly Islands
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Spratlys" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Paracel Islands. Spratly Islands|
Disputed islands|
|
Spratly Islands|
Geography|
Location| South China Sea|
Coordinates| 10°N 114°ECoordinates: 10°N 114°E|
Total islands| over 750|
Major islands| Taiping Island
Namyit Island
Northeast Cay
Sin Cowe Island
Southwest Cay
Spratly Island
Swallow Reef
Thitu Island
West York Island|
Area| less than 5 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi)|
Coastline| 926 kilometres (575 mi)|
Highest point| on Southwest Cay
4 metres (13 ft)|
Claimed by|
 Brunei|
EEZ| Brunei zone|
 People's Republic of China|
City| Sansha[1]|
 Malaysia|
State| Sabah|
 Philippines|
Municipality| Kalayaan|
 Republic of China (Taiwan)|
Municipality| Kaohsiung|
 Vietnam|
Province| Khanh Hoa|
Demographics|
Population| no indigenous population|
Ethnic groups| various|

Spratly Islands|
Chinese name|
Traditional Chinese| 南沙群島|
Simplified Chinese| 南沙群岛|
[show]Transcriptions|
|
Vietnamese name|
Quốc ngữ| Quần Đảo Trường Sa|
Hán tự| 群島長沙|
Malay name|
Malay| Kepulauan Spratly|
Filipino name|
Tagalog| Kapuluan ng Kalayaan|
The Spratly Islands are a group of more than 750 reefs,[2] islets, atolls, cays andislands in the South China Sea. The archipelago lies off the coasts of the Philippinesand Malaysia (Sabah), about one third of the way from there to southern Vietnam. They contain less than four square kilometers of land area spread over more than 425,000 square kilometers of sea. The Spratlys are one of three archipelagos of the South China Sea which comprise more than 30,000 islands and reefs and which complicate governance and economics in that region of Southeast Asia. Such small and remote islands have little economic value in themselves, but are important in establishing international boundaries. There are no native islanders but there are, at least for now, rich fishing grounds; and initial surveys indicate the islands may contain significant reserves of oil and natural gas. About 45 islands are occupied by relatively small numbers of military forces fromVietnam, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has also claimed an Exclusive Economic Zone in the southeastern part of the Spratlys encompassing just one area of small islands above mean high water (on Louisa Reef). This has led to escalating tensions over the Islands' disputed status. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Geographic and economic overview * 2 Ecology * 2.1 Coral reefs * 2.2 Vegetation * 2.3 Wildlife * 2.4 Ecological hazards * 3 History * 3.1 Early cartography * 3.2 Military conflict and diplomatic dialogues * 3.3 Telecommunications * 4 Gallery * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Geographic and economic overview
* Coordinates: 10°N 114°E
* Area (land based): less than 5 km² - includes 148 or so islets, coral reefs, andseamounts. (sea surface): 410,000 km² of the central South China Sea
* Coastline: 926 km
* Political divisions: (in alphabetic order of claimants) * Brunei: Part of Brunei's Exclusive Economic Zone;[3] * People's Republic of China: Part of Hainan province; * Malaysia: Part of the state of Sabah;

* Philippines: Part of Palawan province;
* Republic of China (Taiwan): Part of Kaohsiung municipality; * Vietnam: Part of Khánh Hòa Province.
* Climate: tropical
* Terrain: flat
* Elevation extremes:
* lowest point: South China Sea (0 m)
* highest point: unnamed location on Southwest Cay (4 m) * Natural hazards: serious maritime hazards because of numerous banks, reefs and shoals...
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