DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN KINETICS AND HEALTH EDUCATION
SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANT OF CHILD LABOUR IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS OGUN STATE
COURSE TITLE: RESEARCH METHODS IN HEALTH EDUCATION
COURSE CODE: HEE 701
Olanike Grace AMUSA
MATRIC NO: 167232
UNIT: SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY HEALTH
LECTURERS IN CHARGE:
DR. A.O. FADOJU
DR. S.A. FAMUYIWA
Background to the study
Children are the tangible asset and the future hope of every country. All countries of the world placed a high value on children growth and development both developed and the developing countries including Nigeria because they are the reason behind any future transformation. It is expected that the children are given love, care and emotional support among others in order to develop productively and health wise. In Nigeria, every ethnic group appreciate the precious gifts of God children are, yet children are rejected and sometimes abandoned to the streets to struggle for themselves and learn how to make a living on their own. However, parent who are educated will also struggle to make sure that thrie children acquire education more than the less educated ones. Ignorance of parents which is as a result of low level of education or outright illiteracy is responsible for lots on the side of child labours.
Child labour is a devastating problem that affects the survival of humanity, despite the effort to curb the act, yet it continues to be widespread all over the world. Child labour is a phenomenon attracting a global attention and it constitutes a threat not only to humanity but also to a meaningful survival of human race. (Bidemi and Adefuye 2007) citing Oloko, 1986) noted that children traditionally help their parents in occupations involving physical labour in rural and urban areas, the children of traders would assist their parents to sell their goods usually under the supervision of the parent. Today, the situation has changed drastically with the withdrawal of adult supervision, children are now sent into the street and highways alone to display and sell goods all by themselves. United Nation International Children Education Fund (2002), see child labour as children working in contravention of International Labour Organisation standards in convention 138 and 182, i.e. all children below 12 years working in any economic activities, those aged 12 to 14 years engaged in more than light work, and all children engaged in the worst forms of child labour. Children from large family size often suffer this menace by parents believing that, using many children to work will boost their economy. Ogundele and Ojo (2007) observed that children who have passed through such homes where they were not brought up with morals or love were either battered, abandoned, or abused as then case may be. Single parenthood like, divorced, seperated, widow has a tremendos impact in child labour. Moronkola and Olukanmi (2001), affirmed that experts documented that in large households, later born children with many siblings may be disadvantaged by a great competition for resources in their youth years. Ojo (2004), buttressed this when he stated that many families are too large that parent income cannot go round in the provision of basic needs; ‘Hence children in those families start work very early ‘in life to take care of themselves and support the family. Moronkola and Olukanmi (2001) revealed that perhaps the most cited cause of child labour is poverty as a sizeable proportion of poor parent find it quite attractive to send their children to work either on full time to part time activities after school work as means of adapting to their financial status. . STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Child labour refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and interferes with their schooling by depriving them of the opportunity to...