CHILD LABOUR USED BY CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
INTRODUCTION- Corporate world has shown enormous growth during the last century. But to develop your business it is mandatory that companies should follow certain rules and ethics so that your consumers can rely on you. According to Manuel. G. Velasquez business ethics are focussed on the moral policies and behaviour of business. It is not only to analyse the ethics but also to apply these ethics in the real business world. At present business world is facing lot of unethical issues such as corruption, unethical trade, absence of whistle blowing, child labour etc. my main focus for this report is to understand the child labour and the policies which are acquired by different companies to get rid from this curse. CHILD LABOUR- According to Clive Gifford (2009) child labour is the involvement of children at very young age into the full time employment may be the hazardous one. The area of work can be mines, dumps, building sites, farms etc. whereas according to ILO (2004) report all the work in which children are engaged cannot be considered as child labour. Their involvements in such type of work which does not interfere with their schooling and does not affect their mental and personal development are considered as beneficial for them. It can make them able to support their families in financial crisis and equipped them with astounding experience. Actually child labour can be defined as the work which seize children from their childhood and self-respect. It has deleterious effect on their mental and physical growth. It forced them to leave school prematurely or attend school with lot of extra hour work. In its extreme condition it made them slave for a long period or apparent them to illness and serious hazards. The problem of child labour raised in late 18th and early 19th century. It was the period of industrial revolution. New invented machines replaced the hand power to accomplish the heavy work. Companies started to arise globally and expand their business beyond the political boundaries. At the same time involvement of children in industry as a labour started. England and United States were the first two countries to introduce the child labour. The main reasons for company owner to involve children were, Firstly the advanced machines did not require the adult power to operate and Secondly, they were available at lower wages in comparison to others. These all factories were damp, dirty and dark, because of those unhygienic conditions children started to face health problems. It was recorded that a child with factory work started to spend 12 to 18 hours a day and approximately 50 to 70 hours a week. Up to 1810 around 2000000 children were engaged in factories as a labour (http://www2.scholastic.com). During 19th century it had been realized by most of the countries that due to child labour the development of their respective nations become slow. The population which get involved into child labour was deprived of being educated and did not able to play intellectual role for the welfare of the country. So new government rules started to come into action against child labour. In 1832 first law against child labour introduced in United States by the New England association of farmers and according to that, children were not allowed to work in factories from sun rise to sunset without any mental and physical recreation (Child Labour in US History). These laws had been revised many times from 1832 to 1938. In 1938 the minimum age of work and time hours for the child labour were first regulated by the federal law. During the starting of the 20th century the two different bodies of UN i.e. the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) come together to introduce the international framework against child labour. In 1919 first ILO law (convention5) was introduced against child labour and according to which,...
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