Social Problems in Colleges

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Social Problems
What is a social problem? A social problem is any problem that affects a mass of people. There is no discrimination on what culture or society it affects, but it is known to cause stress and confusion throughout the world especially on college campuses. Numerous examples can be given but the range of possible social problems in trying to achieve a higher education is almost infinite. Social problems include many forms of deviant behavior and social conflict, in which can be a major concern to the students involved, their loved ones, and even their society. Social problems are issues that can cause much stress on an individual and their society. In this paper, we will discuss the some social problems that college students are confronted with such as peer pressure which leads to drinking, the issues of stress and time management that everyone including college students confront.

Influences on Student Drinking

University students tend to drink excessively. They look at drinking as a social norm because of the belief about what is perceived as normal behavior, but the question is, “What influences college students to drink?” The people who are closest to the college student are their friends, who are the main influencers. If a college student believes that his or her peers drink heavily, it will likely influence the amount of alcohol the student personally drink. Peer pressure refers to the influence exerted by a peer group in encouraging a person to change his or her attitudes, values, or behavior in order to conform to group norms. Many students may go along with what they think such as; I’m going along with the crowd in order to fit in. The social context of knowing where, when, why, and with whom a person drinks provides a clearer picture for explaining different drinking patterns than do purely descriptive measures quantity and frequency of alcohol intake or motivational measures alone. College students’ friends are such an influence their friends have them to drink for many reasons such as to release emotional pain, for enjoyment, and to seek sex.

Students fall into peer pressure to be accepted, where drinking is done to be part of a group or to gain someone’s approval to act older or feel more grown up, to fit in. Emotional pain where drinking is done to medicate negative thoughts or stressors and to get rid of depression so the student can forget about academic or personal problems (Keeling, 2003). A friend would pressure a peer to drink to escape negative emotions, to release socially unacceptable ones, or simply to get drunk may be indicative of problem drinking. Among these motivations, drinking to get drunk has been found to be the most important factor distinguishing a problem as defined by others measures of problem drinking (Berkowitz, 2001). Peer pressure influences positive expectancies about the effects of alcohol overestimations about what are normative drinking levels and the social context within which drinking occurs. The social context of drinking refers to the immediate situational, temporal, and motivational factors that influence drinking behavior. Scales have been developed and validated to measure the different social contexts that are pertinent to college student drinkers (Keeling, 2003). Six distinct social contexts of drinking have been identified: social facilitation, where drinking is done in a context of conviviality and social enhancement drinking at a party with friends, to have a good time (Am J Health Behav., 2005). For most college students they just want to have fun. The main item to start the party is alcohol even if you do not drink. The pressure of everyone else around you enjoying their time from the help of a drink will influence a student to feel the need to drink in order to have fun too.

Alcohol occurs when drinking is a part of a family religious or celebratory circumstance, but...
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