Social issues with College Drinking Daniel Woods Flathead Valley Community College
Social Issues with College Drinking 2 Abstract
Students who drink, and drink heavily during high school have been found to continue similar drinking habits while attending college. Research has found that during high school, college-bound seniors drink less than their non-college bound peers (O’Malley and Johnston 2002) although both groups increase their rates of heavy drinking after high school graduation, the rates for students in college increase more and actually surpass the rates of their non-college peers. For members of both groups, the rate of heavy drinking peaks when they are around 21 or 22 and decrease steadily thereafter many mature out of engaging in risk behavior, including alcohol use when they attain adult roles and responsibilities, like marriage, parenting, and or full-time employment.
Social Issues with College Drinking 3 Factors Associated with Alcohol Misuse in College
Research has shown that individual and environmental factor are associated with increased risk for alcohol use and misuse among college students, individual factors such as a person’s family history of alcoholism, cognition (i.e., impulsivity, extraversion, emotionality) are associated with alcohol use (Baer 2002) as are involvement in fraternities or sororities and activities such as athletics. Environmental factors that influence collegiate alcohol include type of residence, college size and geographical region, and alcohol availability; students who live on campus and in fraternities or sororities have higher rates of alcohol use and misuse; students attending larger colleges located in the northeast and north central States tend to consume larger quantities of alcohol. (Presley et. at. 2002) Epidemiology of Alcohol Use by College Students
The use and misuse of alcohol by young adult college students, and the resulting negative consequences have been well documented. 86 percent of college students participating in the 2004 Monitoring the Future (MTF) study reported having consumed alcohol at least once in their lives (Johnston et al. 2004). 39-44 percent of college students in the 2004 MTF study reported binge drinking at least once in the two weeks preceding the survey (Johnston et al. 2004). Almost one-third of college students studied met DSM-IV criteria for alcohol abuse; six percent met DSM-IV criteria for alcohol dependence (Knight et al. 2002). More than 1,700 students between the ages of 18 to 24 die each year from alcohol-related according to the Social Issues with College Drinking 4 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, These students died of alcohol poisoning, cardiac arrest or injuries from falling off dorm room balconies or other heights on campus. The problem of binge drinking, defined as five or more drinks at one sitting, has continued despite the media attention and alcohol awareness campaigns of the last ten years. Heavy drinking is prevalent on all types of campuses, even prestigious Ivy League institutions, recently more than a dozen Princeton University students, many of whom were underage drinkers, were hospitalized for intoxication when the university’s social clubs held their annual recruitment activities. Excessive drinking is a behavior that also cuts across ethnicity and gender lines. The (NIAAA) reports that although white students have the...