The Future of Modernization Paper
The Future of Modernization
Modernization is a very broad topic and can be used to describe all aspects of society. Modernization is become a key trend in not only the United States, but also places all around the world. According to Kumar, (n.d.), “modernization in sociological terms, is defined as, the transformation from a traditional, rural, agrarian society to a secular, urban, industrial society” (para. 1). Modernization is convenient for the countries around the world because it makes it easier for them to interact, travel, and sell food along with other products. Although theorists believe there are positives effects of modernization, some theorists are becoming very concerned about the negative effects caused by this ongoing inclination of modernization. The theorist that best reflects my perceptions of modernization is Max Weber. Max Weber’s view also shows how modernization has manifested itself in the United States society. According to Macionis (2011):
For Max Weber, modernity meant replacing a traditional worldview with a rational way of thinking. In preindustrial societies, tradition acts as a constant brake on social change. To traditional people, “truth” is roughly the same as “what has always been” (1978:36, orig. 1921). To modern people, however, “truth” is the result of rational calculation. Because they value efficiency and have little reverence for the past, modern people adopt social patterns that allow them to achieve their goals. I agree that people adopt social patterns to achieve their goals. For example a woman may marry a rich man, in order to have more opportunities, or a parent may push their child in sports, so they can get a full-ride scholarship for college. These are two of many examples of social patterns that have been adopted by today’s society members. Max Weber also stated that the modern world is “disenchanted” (Macionis, 2011). Disenchanted is another word for taking away the magical part of something, and that something in this case, is life. It can also mean to disappoint. Many people will argue about what Weber means by this statement. I believe what Max Weber is implying is the modern world has lost most of its spiritual connections and supernatural view on life, because everything now can be explained by scientific explanations or calculations. I also agree with this statement, because now science is taking over people’s minds. The world’s living creatures are explained by evolution and some people are losing belief in the presence of a divine being. Modernization is a worldwide trend, although it is less of an issue in underdeveloped countries, than for developed countries like the United States and China. There are many consequences to this worldwide trend. China is doing what they can to lessen the impact of modernization. According to Fangjun, (2009):
While exploring its road to modernization and learning from modernization theory, China has adopted an approach of drawing on the useful and discarding the unfit elements found in modernization theory. As a result, China has formed its own ideas on development with Chinese characteristics. At present, the task that China faces is to properly handle all kinds of social contradictions, build a harmonious society, and strive to realize China's development by leaps and bounds (p. 7). China is a country the United States should look up to, concerning how the country deals with the effects of modernization. One social pattern affected most by modernization is the sky rocketing divorce rate in the United States and other countries. The United States divorce rate is the highest it has ever been and each year continues to increase. According to Jones, (1997), “during the 1960s and 1970s, divorce rates rose to unprecedented levels in Western countries but plummeted in Islamic Southeast Asia from initially very high values in the 1950s and earlier” (para. 1). The values...