Sigmund Freud's Theory

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Sigmund Freud’s Theory on Psychosexual Development

1.What is Psychosexual Development?

My theory of Psychosexual Development is one of the best known, but also one of the most controversial. I believe that personality develops through a series of stages during childhood. In these stages, the pleasure-seeking energies of id become focused on certain erogenous areas, or areas sensitive to sexual stimulation. If these psychosexual stages are completed successfully, the result is a healthy personality. If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, fixation can occur.

2.What do you mean by “pleasure-seeking energies of id?”

“Id,” is the personality component made up of unconscious psychic energy that works to satisfy basic urges, needs and desires. The id is the only part of personality present at birth. This acts as the driving force behind personality. The id acts according to the pleasure principle, which is the idea that needs should be met immediately. For example, when you are hungry, the pleasure principle directs you to eat.

3.What do you mean by “fixation?”

A fixation is a persistent focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. If the issue is not resolved, the person will remain “stuck” in a certain stage.

4.Can you discuss what happens in the oral stage?

Individuals undergo this stage from birth to the age of 1. In this stage, the infant’s primary source of interaction is the mouth. The infant receives pleasure from oral stimulation through activities like tasting and sucking. Because infants are dependent on adults, they also develop a sense of trust and comfort in this stage. The problem at this stage is the weaning process, or when the child must become less dependent. I believe that if fixation occurs, the individual would have issues with dependency or aggression. Oral fixation can result in problems with drinking, eating, smoking or nail biting.

5.What happens in the anal stage?

The individuals under this...
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