The Psychodynamic Approach

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The psychodynamic approach focuses on individuals who behave in a certain way due to having emotional feelings buried deep inside their unconscious mind. The theory was developed by Sigmund Freud who was a psychologist. The use of the psychodynamic approach within health and social care helps individuals understand and support patients who are undergoing the psychodynamic process as it is generally used around the world. This essay aims to show my understanding of the approach and the ways health and social care workers could apply the theory to a health and social care setting. By explaining what psychodynamic counselling is and how it helps individuals it shows how I am able to identify the solutions to the problems. Psychodynamic theory focuses on the cause which drives or motivates personality development. He assumed the behaviour of humans were similar to animals, for instance humans just like animals are driven by basic needs and motives. Freud had stated that the personality had three unique parts and that these three parts were always at continuous odds which each other which lead to conflict. The factor which motivates individual’s behaviour was the conflict which is created within the minds of individuals. The three unique parts are: Id- instinct and desires, Ego- reality/ balancer and Super ego- morality. The id is the only part of the personality which is current from birth. This phase of personality is completely unconscious and involves the natural and primal behaviours. Freud suggested that the Id is the basis of all psychic energy (the concept of a theory of action powering the operation of the mind) which makes it the principal element of personality. The Id is a factor within individual’s life which drives individuals to gain pleasure and to avoid displeasure. It strives for instant fulfilment of all desires, requirements, wants and needs. If these wants are not fulfilled immediately then it results in anxiety and tension within the mind of the individual. In other words it is similar to stubbornness, it has to gain its satisfaction or it will lead to trouble. The mind would not rest until it gets what it wants. For instance an increase in thirst should create an instant attempt to drink. The Id is very essential early on in life because it makes sure that an infant’s requirements are met. How ever, it may not always be possible to satisfy those needs and requirements. If this world was ruled by the pleasure law then individuals will find them selves taking things from others this may satisfy their own cravings. Behaviour like this is not acceptable within society as it is disruptive and socially unacceptable. According to Freud’s theory the Id attempts to determine the tension produced by the pleasure law through the key process which includes individuals forming an image within their minds of a desired item as a way of satisfying their needs. The Ego works according to the reality principle for example it seeks to please the Id’s drive in realistic ways that will benefit in the long term rather than bringing grief. It is the sector of personality which serves the demands of the Id, the Super Ego and reality. The Ego prevents individuals from performing their basic urges which is produced by the Id, but also works to aim for a balance with the moral and idealistic standards created by the Super Ego. By the Ego working in preconscious and conscious, its strong ties with the Id means it also operates in the unconscious. The Ego works based on the reality principle, which operates to satisfy the desires of the Id in a way which is realistic and socially suitable. An example is, if an individual was physically abused, the Ego plays its part and prevents the individual from performing any kind of action which will cause trouble. The Ego allows individuals to see that this kind of negative response would be socially inappropriate, but it also allowed individuals to be aware of the fact that there are...
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