Shipping Industry

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AUTHORISATION………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..i ACKNOWLEDGEMENT……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….ii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..iii 1. INTRODUCTION2

1.1 PURPOSE OF REPORT2
1.2 PHASE I2
1.3 PHASE II3
1.4 PHASE III3
2.1 HOW THE ASSET DEVELOPED IS LINKED WITH TCS?6
2.2 ROLE OF TCS IN THE SHIPPING WORLD7
2.3 TCS IMPLEMENTING ERP AT KOCHI PORT12
3. PHASE I – ASSET REVIEW AND CERTIFICATION COURSE13
4. PHASE II - ASSET DEVELOPMENT18
5.1 OBJECTIVE 1: TO STUDY AND ANALYZE THE FINANCING TECHNIQUES OF: (A) NEW SHIPS, (B) SECOND HAND SHIPS33 5.1.1 COMPARISON OF WORLD’S TOP NATIONS IN TERMS OF SHIPS COMPLETED (IN GT)48 5.1.2 FINANCIAL MARKET PRODUCTS53

5.2 OBJECTIVE 2: TO ANALYZE VARIOUS KINDS OF SHIPPING MORTGAGES AVAILABLE ACROSS THE GLOBE AND PROVIDE A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AMONG THE TOP NATIONS OF THE WORLD57 5.2.1 MORTGAGES IN THE MOST IMPORTANT SHIP REGISTRATION JURISDICTIONS: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS58 5.2.2 LEASING OF SHIPS62

5.2.3 REGRESSION ANALYSIS66
5.2.4 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND SHIPPING70
5.3 OBJECTIVE 3: TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF CREDIT CRUNCH ON SHIPPING FINANCE73 6. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS82
7. REFERENCES85

1. INTRODUCTION
1.1 PURPOSE OF REPORT
The main purpose of the Project Report is to give reader an insight regarding work done during the Summer Internship Program.

Scope of report
Project Report covers the work done during Summer Internship Program in TCS. It gives a detailed analysis of the three phases of SIP in TCS. Given below is the phase wise work done during SIP. 1.2 PHASE I

ASSET REVIEW AND CERTIFICATION: E-COMMERCE
Following tasks were completed in this phase:
1)To read and understand the basic concepts of E-Commerce Certification Course provided by Tata Consultancy Services Financial Technology Center. 2)To take the certification tests comprising of a separate test for each of the 20 chapters (5 questions per test) and a final test (100 questions). The minimum passing marks for getting certified were 60%. The certification was successfully completed with 80% marks. 3)To review the entire course and find the discrepancies and give recommendations if any. A total number of 18 discrepancies were found with 15 minor and 3 major. 4)To add a minimum of 5 questions to the existing question bank for each chapter of E-Commerce Certification Course. A total number of 107 questions were added to the question bank.

1.3 PHASE II
ASSET DEVELOPMENT: SHIPPING INDUSTRY
This constitutes the second phase of SIP at TCS. Every intern is assigned a new topic in which he or she has to develop a complete course module according to the guidelines. There are various clients of TCS who are involved in various projects. For those projects, it is important for the team members to have an in depth knowledge about the related topic. For example, if any team is working on a project related to Payment Systems, then it is mandatory for the members to take the certification test on the course related to payment Systems and qualify with at least 60% marks. The topic assigned for asset development was Shipping Industry. According to the guidelines, there were 18 chapters and for each chapter following things had to be included: 1)Write Up in Microsoft Word (around 15-20 pages for each chapter) 2)Presentation (Power point presentation)

3)Quiz (Question bank of at least 15 questions per chapter) 4)Key (An answer key for the quiz)
5)Quiz in GIF format (Since it is to be uploaded on the TCS website)

1.4 PHASE III
RESEARCH PROJECT

Title of the project: SHIPPING FINANCE: INSIGHTS AND DEVELOPMENTS Area of the project: Finance
Objective of the project:
1) To study and analyze the financing techniques of (a) New Ships (b) Second Hand Ships 2) To analyze various kinds of shipping mortgages available across the globe and provide a comparative analysis among the top nations of...
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