At birth the child's physical development is more or less complete while psychologically it is still in the embryonic state. For this reason Dr. Maria Montessori called that the human being is still a "spiritual embryo" when it is born. "Man seems to have two embryonic periods, one is prenatal like that of the animals; the other is postnatal and only man has this."
-The Absorbent Mind, p55, Chapter 7.
“A child possesses an active psychic life even when he cannot manifest it, and must secretly perfect this inner live over a long period of time, it is the spirit of the child that can determine the course of human progress and lead it perhaps even to a higher form of civilization.” The child will be born with innate potential and creative energy, which helps the child to grow into a unified personality. The child will be born with 8 psychic laws, which unfolds over a course of time. These 8 laws are 1. Law of work
2. Law of Independence
3. Development of will
4. Development of Intelligence
5. Power of attention
6. Imagination and creativity
7. Development of Community life
8. Stages of growth
HORME is an unconscious will power the urge the child on to do what he needs to do to aid his divine urge which guides the child and his efforts to their goal.
Creative energy guiding the child to absorb from the environment. Up to this every impression is unconsciously stored and absorbed is called Nebula.
The development of child into an adult is a long process.
For the child to develop into a unified personality, he requires aids. These aids are of 2 types-Internal and external aids.
The external aids are,
Dr Maria Montessori concluded that the child must possess within him a pre-determined pattern of psychic unfolding, which is not visible at birth. She referred to them as the spiritual embryo. Montessori believed that for the psychic pattern to reveal itself, two conditions must be fulfilled- First the prepared environment with freedom: After birth the task of the child is to create himself or modify to a unified personality for which he starts interacting with the environment. The environment that we provide for infants and the stimuli with which we encourage them to interact with this environment are very important for the child's development. The child needs an environment that is safe, rich in stimulation and is perfectly suited to their developmental needs. He needs to interact with his environment to understand or come to terms with the limit of the universe. Second, he needs freedom to reveal himself.
An adult to guide: During the formative years from birth to six, the child has an absorbent mind where the child has incredible capability and power of absorption. Therefore an adult must provide him with an environment which is carefully prepared for and suited to the child's need at this early stage of development just as the womb, which is perfectly suited to the child's developmental needs in the early embryonic stage. Internal aids: The internal aids can be classified as
Absorbent mind and the Sensitive periods
Absorbent mind: What is the ‘Absorbent mind’?
Dictionary defines ‘Absorbent’ and ‘Mind’ as,
Absorbent: Imbibing; swallowing; able to soak up moisture
Mind: The intellectual faculty or power; intellect; reason; understanding; inclination; opinion; memory Maria Montessori observed that young children learn in a unique way from prenatal life to about six years old. Since the neonate has to learn everything (he has no tools other than reflexes to survive), but has no language or conscious will to learn the way adults do, he must acquire his survival skills in some other way. Montessori said that the child learns by unconsciously taking in everything around him and actually constructs himself. Using his senses, he incarnates, or creates himself by absorbing his environment...