Seminar Proposal

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  • Topic: Sex, Gender, Sex ratio
  • Pages : 7 (2070 words )
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  • Published : April 17, 2013
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Seminar Proposal

for

Effective Implementation of

PC & PNDT Act in Delhi

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………...3

NEED FOR THE SEMINAR…………………………………………………...4

OBJECTIVE, TARGET GROUP……………………………………………….6

TOPIC TO BE DISCUSSED ON THE SEMINAR…………………………….7

PROPOSED VENUE AND DATE FOR THE PROGRAMME………………..8

PROGRAMME SCHEDULE…………………………………………………...8

EXPECTED OUTCOME……………………………………………………….9

BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………9

INTRODUCTION:
Sex-ratio, is measured as number of females per thousand males, is one of the most important indicators used for study of population characteristics. The sex-ratio which is highly skewed towards the male child has been a matter of concern for many decades. Demographically, the child sex ratio of 914 (2011 census) does not augur well for the future of the country. Declining number of girls in the population as per the 2011 census indicate that the child sex ratio is adverse for girls and this could lead to serious socio-cultural problems and population imbalances in the country. The high number of ‘missing girls’ is indicative of the poor status of the girl child and of women. While the 2011 Census (provisional) data has shown an improvement in overall sex ratio from 933 in 2001 to 940 females for every 1000 males during the last decade, the number of girls to boys in 0-6 year’s age group fell from 927: 1000 to 914:1000. The most common reasons to explain the consistently low levels of sex ratio are son preference, neglect of the girl child resulting in higher mortality at younger age, female infanticide, female feticide and maternal mortality. One of the reasons attributed to the lesser number of girls in the age group (0-6) is the practice of sex selection. Medical technology has contributed in reinforcing negative patriarchal systems that demand male heirs.[1] It is a social issue for many decades. It has been argued that the benefits of having son in Indian society ✓ Economic Utility

✓ Socio-cultural utility
✓ Religious utility (daughters are considered economic liability, dowry and system of heavy costs weddings) The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PNDT) Act was implemented in 1996 in view of the falling gender ratio, because of the misuse of ultrasonography machines for prenatal gender determination by doctors. An Act to provide for the regulation of the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for the purpose of detecting genetic or metabolic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities or certain congenital malformations or sex linked disorders and for the prevention of the misuse of such techniques for the purpose of pre-natal sex determination leading to female feticide; and, for matters connected there with or incidental thereto. The Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994 has been enacted by the Government of India to: ▪ Prohibit sex selection before or after conception.

▪ Regulate, though does not deny, the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques including ultrasonography for detecting genetic abnormalities or other sex linked disorders in the fetus. ▪ Allow the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques including ultrasonography only at registered places and by qualified persons defined under the law. NEED FOR THE SEMINAR:

The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994, was enacted and brought into operation from 1st January, 1996, in order to check female foeticide. Rules have also been framed under the Act. The Act prohibits determination and disclosure of the sex of foetus. It also prohibits any advertisements relating to pre-natal determination of sex and prescribes punishment for its contravention. The person who contravenes the provisions of this Act is punishable with imprisonment and fine. Recently, PNDT Act and...
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