Securing Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment

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Law on Securing, Etc. of Equal Opportunity and Treatment
between Men and Women in Employment
(Law No. 113 of July 1. 1972)

(Tentative

translation

by

the

specialist)

©The Japan Institute of Labour (2001)
Shinjuku Monolith, 3-1, Nishishinjuku 2-chome,
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-0926, Japan
Tel: +81-3-5321-3084
Fax: +81-3-5321-3125

Amendments:
L aw
Law
Law
Law
Law
Law
Law
Law

No. 78
No. 45
N o. 76
No. 107
No. 92
No. 87
No. 104
No. 160

of
of
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Dec. 2,
June 1,
May 15,
June 9,
June 18,
July 16,
July 16,
Dec. 22,

1983
l985
1991
1995
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1999
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1999

Law on Securing, Etc. of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment
(Law No. 113 of July 1. 1972)
CONTENTS
Chapter I.
Chapter II.

General Provisions (Articles 1-4)
Securing of Equal Opportunity and Treatment between Men and Women in Employment
Section I.
Prohibition of Discrimination Against Women Workers, Etc (Articles 5-13) Section II.
Equal Opportunity Mediation Commission
(Articles 14-19)
Section III.
Governmental Support for Measures to be Taken by Employers (Article 20) Chapter III. Measures for Consideration Concerning the Employment of Women Workers (Articles 21-23)
Chapter IV. Miscellaneous Provisions (Articles 24-28)
Supplementary Provisions

CHAPTER I
GENERAL PROVISIONS

(Purposes)
Article 1. The purposes of this Law are to promote equal opportunity and treatment between men and women in employment in accordance with the principle contained in the Constitution of Japan of ensuring equality under the law and to foster measures for, among others, the promotion of securing the health of women workers with respect to employment during pregnancy and after childbirth.

(Basic Principle)
Article 2. The basic principle of this Law is that women workers be enabled to engage in a full working life, with due respect for their maternity but without discrimination based on sex. 2. Employers, the State and local public bodies shall, in compliance with the basic principle set forth in the preceding paragraph, endeavor to promote the full working life of women workers. (Educational Campaigns)

Article 3. The State and local public bodies shall conduct the necessary educational campaigns to increase public interest and understanding in regard to the securing of equal opportunity and treatment between men and women in employme nt, and especially to remove the various factors preventing the securing of equal opportunity and treatment between men and women in employment.

(Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women) Article 4. The Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare shall formulate a basic policy concerning measures in connection with the securing of equal opportunity and treatment between men and women in employment (hereinafter referred to as the "Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women").

2. The matters to be determined in the Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women shall be as follows:
(1) matters relating to trends in women workers' working life; and (2) basic matters concerning the measures to be taken with regard to the securing of equal opportunity and treatment between men and women in employment. 3. The Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women shall be formulated with due regard to such matters as the working conditions, views, and employment situations of women workers.

4. The Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare, in formulating the Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women, shall consult the Labour Policy Council and request the opinions of the prefectural governors in advance. 5. After having formulated the Basic Policy on Measures for Equal Employment Opportunities for Men and Women, the Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare shall pub lish the...
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