Science and Religion: Two Separate Entities

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Science and Religion: Two Separate Entities

As a result of many new astronomical discoveries throughout the seventeenth century, it was clear science and religion greatly contradicted each other. Followed by the questioned findings of Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo Galilei believed the sun was situated motionless in the center of the universe while the earth rotated on its axis, all the while revolving around the sun. This idea, though scientifically proven to be correct, completely opposed the underlying structure of the universe and heavens as originally stated in the Holy Bible. In his “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina,” Galileo explained to his subject how what was found true through physical findings were not in fact directly coincided with matters of faith. Unlike what was stated in the Bible, Galileo felt as though faith and science were two separate entities, and should be kept apart. Naturally, Galileo’s scientific findings sent the Catholic world into an uproar. As a result of the craziness that ensued from his astronomical discoveries within the theologian society, Galileo believed theologians should not have been allowed to be involved in the world of science during the 17th century in his “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.”

Up until the 17th century, the Bible appeared to be the sole thing defining what the Earth’s creation was and what the heavens were like. As astronomers like Galileo and Copernicus emerged onto the scene with plausible findings, it was evident to many Europeans the Bible may not have been correct about every aspect of life. In the “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina,” Galileo discusses the role of accommodationism in the Bible. It was clear the word choice and language used was accommodated for the common people for whom it was originally intended. As opposed to diminishing belief in the common people, the Bible has multiple passages within it that were “on one occasion expressed a proposition in words...
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