Science and Mathematics Instruction in the Philippines

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SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION CURRICULUM

Alazada, Noreen Dianne Sanga
Bachelor of Science in Development Communication
Education 102 Section U

March 17, 2011

INTRODUCTION
When the researcher entered the College of Development Communication two years ago, there are many instances that the decline in the proficiency of Filipino students in Mathematics and Science examinations all over the countries in Asia was mentioned by the professors. “Filipino students have low level of scientific and mathematics literacy. A large percentage cannot apply concepts to real life.” (UP NISMED Scientific, Technological, and Environmental Literacy Study, 2005). Further in this paper, the goals and objectives of Mathematics and Science teaching will be discussed.

What has been a former forte of Filipino youth then was not much of an excellent subject for the youth of today because of this decline in the result of nationwide literacy exams on Mathematics and Science. It is no doubt that there are students who have difficulty in these two subjects, even the researcher for herself have problems understanding Mathematics subjects like Algebra and Geometry but excels more on Science subjects like Biology and other Natural Science subjects.

Now let us look into what is the importance of Science and Mathematics in the curriculum of the Philippine Education System, the goals and specific objectives, how can these subjects be learned in other settings not just in the school, and other instructional materials that can be utilized to enrich the teaching of Mathematics and Science.

First let us define what Mathematics is, according to the Book of Popular Science (2005): it came from the Greek word “mathemata” meaning things that are learned, it is mentioned in the book that this may not seem to apply just to Mathematics but to other fields of knowledge. The reason for this is that Mathematics, the study of numbers and space in the time of Greeks also included the study of astronomy and music.

Now, let us recall what has been the general meaning of Science since we were in elementary; it is an organized body of knowledge or sometimes referred to as empirical or experiential knowledge. This organized body of knowledge is a field of systematic body of inquiry and deals with nature and natural phenomena that is why when a nationwide survey was done b y the Department of Education asking students “What is the most interesting subject in the school curriculum?” – Science has the most number of lines in the tally.

There are many factors that could determine how a student can be interested in learning more about Mathematics and Science subjects, these factors can help students learn more about Mathematics and Science such as factors that could enrich the teaching of both subjects: (1) The school should provide an adequate working space for Science laboratories and provide Mathematics workbooks for students to practice on; (2) The teachers should be able to instruct and teach students according to the intensity of the subjects under the Mathematics and Science curriculum; (3) Teachers should be knowledgeable, skilled in a variety of teaching strategies, and can always inculcate values and the right attitude towards working; (4) The learning environment should always be orderly, comfortable and helpful for the students; (5) The learners must possess adequate mental maturity; positive traits paired with great interest on the subject, special talents, and well defined objectives for themselves toward the subject; (6) Students should have a big interest for accuracy, which is why experimentation and calculation is used in Mathematics and Science; (7) Functional thinking, logical thinking and quantitative thinking should also be possessed by students. These are aspects that could help in enriching Mathematics and Science learning and to further understand it, I will discuss the following in separate parts and will...
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