SAMPLE STUDENT OUTLINE
Persuasive Speech Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience to take action against second-hand smoke and the problems it causes. New laws can help protect nonsmokers from second-hand smoke and the problems it causes.
I. Introduction A. Open with Impact: What a smoker does to themselves is a personal matter, but what they do to a nonsmoker is quite a different matter. B. Thesis Statement: New laws can help protect nonsmokers from second-hand smoke and the problems it causes. C. Credibility: I am exposed to second-hand smoke when I go to bars and restaurants where cigarette smoking is permitted. D. Relevance: Every one in the room can breathe in the chemicals found in cigarettes whether they smoke or not. E. Preview of Main Points: Today I will be talking about a few of the problems of secondhand smoke. Next, I will tell you some solutions to the problem and how you can help. Finally, I will tell you how great it would be to not be around cigarettes if you do not want to. II. Body A. Need/Problem Step: What does second-hand smoke do to a nonsmoker? 1. Carcinogens are cancer causing agents and are found in second-hand smoke. a. A few of them are benzene, cadmium, chromium, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and nickel. b. Passive smoking is estimated, by the EPA, to cause about 3,000 lung cancer deaths in nonsmokers each year. (www.epa.gov) 2. Certain chemicals in second-hand smoke cause coronary disease. a. Thirty minutes of passive smoking can reduce the arteries’ ability to dilate, which may be a precursor to hardening of the arteries. (USA Today, 7/24/01) b. Second-hand smoke causes about 37,000 deaths by heart disease every year. (www.lungusa.org) 3. Second-hand smoke is more harmful than mainstream smoke. a. Sidestream smoke, smoke coming out of the end of the cigarette, has higher concentrations of carcinogens than mainstream smoke, the smoke inhaled by the smoker. (www.yourhealth.com)
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