The purpose of this paper is to critique the design, sample and ethical issues used in the selected research studies. The article “The Experience of Patients Undergoing Awake Craniotomy” is a qualitative study. The overall purpose of the study is as Palese, Skrap, Fachin, Visioli, and Zannini, (2008) states, “Although different techniques are used, very little has been documented about how the patients feels, what they think about, or how they approach this type of surgery with anesthetic” (p.166). On the other hand, the article “The effects of Crossed Leg on Blood Pressure Measurement” is a quantitative study. This study’s objective was “to determine if crossing of a leg at the knee during blood pressure measurement has an effect on the patient’s blood pressure reading” (Foster-Fitzpatrick, Ortiz, Sibilano, Marcantonio, and Braun, 1999, para. 2).
In the quantitative study the researcher chose to use the experimental cross over design, which is where the two participant groups were compared to each other and then switch. I felt this was an appropriate design because it allowed measurements to be taken on both groups that are then able to serve as their own controls. In this study, group one served as the control group. They had their blood pressure taken with their feet on the floor. While group two served as the test group. This group had their blood pressure taken with their legs crossed. Then both groups are compared to each other. In the second portion of the study the roles were reversed.
On the other hand the qualitative study uses descriptive phenomenology. Polit and Beck (2012) states, “In descriptive phenomenology, which seeks to describe lived experiences, researchers strive to bracket out preconceived views and to intuit the essence of the phenomenon by remaining open to meanings attributed to it by those who have experienced it” (p.512). The study was performed to describe the experience of individuals... [continues]
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