1. Discuss the current legislation, guidelines, policies and procedures for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people (1.1)
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international human rights treaty which grants all children and young people an inclusive set of rights, including the right to express their views and have them taken into account in all matters affecting them, the right to play, rest and leisure, and the right to protection from all forms of violence.
The Convention is separated into 54 articles covering different aspects of childhood and rights. All children and young people up to the age of 18 years have all the rights in the Convention. Some groups of children and young people including those living away from home and young disabled people, have additional rights.
Children Act 1989
The Children Act 1989 aimed to ensure that the welfare of the child was paramount by working with parents to protect the child from harm. The Act was intended to allow the child to have equal rights, feelings and wishes and to ensure children were consulted and kept informed.
The Children Act provides support from local authorities. In particular for families whose children are in need and enforces laws to protect children who may be suffering or are likely to suffer significant harm.
Education Act 2002
The Education Act sets out the responsibilities of local education authorities , head teachers and all those who work in schools to ensure that the children are safe and free from harm.
Children Act 2004
The Children Act 2004 aims to further improve children’s lives and gives the legal base to ‘Every Child Matters: Change for Children’ (2004).
These guidelines have been enforced so that all individuals who are involved in the looking after children, in the home, the workplace, school or other areas are aware of how children should...