AP U.S History
To what extent did the role of the federal government change under President Theodore Roosevelt in regard to TWO of the following: Labor, Trusts, Conservation, World affairs Trusts and Conservation
The role of the federal government changed significantly under President Theodore Roosevelt’s administration, especially in respects to dealing with trusts and conservation. Under his administration he was successful in creating some of the first major all-inclusive national conservation policies in the nation, and as far as trusts were concerned, he was often called and referred to as the trust buster. Roosevelt was a tree hugger. He put in place many new policies for conservation. He created the federal Reclamation Service, strengthened the forest protection program and the National Commission on the Conservation of Natural Resources which would look after the waters, forests, and of the land itself. His administration made sure that millions of acres of land were set aside for national parks and forests in the United States. When he took office in 1901, the government preserves had 45 million acres and just seven years later, there were almost 195 million. Roosevelt didn’t like the impact that trusts had on local small business. But at the same time he believed that large-scale production and industrial growth were necessary and beneficial to the economy and country and control was needed. Hence, he made a policy to differentiate and pick out the “good” and the “bad” trusts. Supporting the good ones and eradicating the bad. He went after the Northern Securities Company for a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. This company was made up big shots like such as Rockefeller and J. P. Morgan. The Supreme Court ordered the company to be disband. He also went after then the American Tobacco Company, New Haven Railroad, and Standard Oil. All made things for his successor –Mr. Taft- Easier.