The New Deal: DBQ

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In 1929, the United States Stock Market crashed, heralding the tumble into world-wide depression. President Hoover tried to pacify the people by telling them it was temporary and would pass over. But a new figure rose out of the people, promising he would do anything and everything he could to restore their lives. In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to the presidency, and his new policies would soon sweep over the country. Roosevelt's responses to the problems of the Great Depression were successful in strengthening the power of the federal government and instilling hope in the public, yet were unsuccessful in that they did not help him achieve his intended goal: the restoration of the economy. His responses were, however, radical in the way they made use of the power of the federal government.

Roosevelt's New Deal involved the institution of many programs to bring about his three R's: relief, recovery, and reform. Document C shows us how at the root of the many programs was Roosevelt's cabinet. It was known as his "brain trust" because he appointed some of the most intelligent people of his time, unlike his predecessors who used the spoils system to employ their associates. This helped strengthen his position by giving him a good foundation on which to build his administration. Congress also showed much approval of him by passing many of his new programs. The fact that the Executive and Legislative Branches worked well together as a cohesive whole added great strength to his presidency. The Judiciary Branch, however, wasn't quite as cooperative. As shown in Document F, the Supreme Court declared the NRA unconstitutional. The NRA was an administration passed by Congress that allowed the government to regulate business practices to ensure that they respected the workers while holding policies conducive to the growth of the economy. The Supreme Court decided that the President did not have the authority to impose on private business. The Supreme...
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