Role Opportunities for Nurses in Community Care in Elderly

Health Preventive healthcare Health care

Role opportunities for nurses in Community Care in elderly
Community nurses focus on
Health promotion
Disease prevention
Wellness (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

To achieve these goals, nurses are involved in
Client and community education
Care management (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

Health promotion:
Community nurses may inform health promotion strategies according to individual differences. Health promotion strategies:
Maintaining an active lifestyle (physically and mentally) •Belonging to a social network
Feeling independent, useful and valued
Having good nutrition
Believing in “God”
Having a sense of humour
Exercising healthy coping strategies
(Ebersole & Hess, 2004; Ronch & Goldfield, 2003; Kending & Brooke, 2004)

Disease prevention:
There are three levels of prevention related to older adults. 1.Primary prevention
2.Secondary prevention (Screening)
3.Tertiary prevention (Maintenance and rehabilitation)
(Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004; Williams & Rhead, 2003 cited in Watkins; Edwards & Gastrell, 2004) Rehabilitation is a combination of physical, occupational, psychological, and speech therapy to help debilitated persons maintain or recover their physical capacities.

Rehabilitation is typically needed for older adults after a hip fracture, stroke, or prolonged illness that results in serious deconditioning (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

Wellness is not merely the absence of disease or illness.Wellness includes the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual components of a person.There are five dimensions of wellness. 1.Self-responsibility

2.Nutritional awareness
3.Physical fitness
4.Stress management
5.Environmental sensitivity (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope...
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