Role Opportunities for Nurses in Community Care in Elderly

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Role Opportunities for Nurses in Community Care in Elderly

By | September 2008
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Role opportunities for nurses in Community Care in elderly
Community nurses focus on
Health promotion
Disease prevention
Wellness (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

To achieve these goals, nurses are involved in
Client and community education
Counselling
Advocacy
Care management (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

Health promotion:
Community nurses may inform health promotion strategies according to individual differences. Health promotion strategies:
Maintaining an active lifestyle (physically and mentally) •Belonging to a social network
Feeling independent, useful and valued
Having good nutrition
Believing in “God”
Having a sense of humour
Exercising healthy coping strategies
(Ebersole & Hess, 2004; Ronch & Goldfield, 2003; Kending & Brooke, 2004)

Disease prevention:
There are three levels of prevention related to older adults. 1.Primary prevention
2.Secondary prevention (Screening)
3.Tertiary prevention (Maintenance and rehabilitation)
(Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004; Williams & Rhead, 2003 cited in Watkins; Edwards & Gastrell, 2004) Rehabilitation is a combination of physical, occupational, psychological, and speech therapy to help debilitated persons maintain or recover their physical capacities.

Rehabilitation is typically needed for older adults after a hip fracture, stroke, or prolonged illness that results in serious deconditioning (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004).

Wellness:
Wellness is not merely the absence of disease or illness.Wellness includes the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual components of a person.There are five dimensions of wellness. 1.Self-responsibility

2.Nutritional awareness
3.Physical fitness
4.Stress management
5.Environmental sensitivity (Westley & Fletcher, 2004 cited in Stanhope...