Management Information Systems (MIS) is a general name for the academic discipline covering the application of people, technologies, and procedures — collectively called information systems — to solve business problems. MIS are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organization. Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executive information systems Management Information Systems examines how organizations design and manage information systems and how they use information as an important corporate resource. This occurs in the context of electronic business trends where organizations are using new e-technologies to achieve and sustain corporate growth and health. Management Information Systems also covers concepts of how data is used to support basic business processes and how managers and professionals link data to provide information for effective decision-making.
Further more, it aims at developing an understanding of the importance of information and information technology in business enterprise and to develop the ability to apply basic information systems concepts to a broad spectrum of business disciplines.
In their infancy, business computers were used for the practical business of computing the payroll and keeping track of accounts payable and receivable. As applications were developed that provided managers with information about sales, inventories, and other data that would help in managing the enterprise, the term "MIS" arose to describe these kinds of applications. Today, the term is used broadly in a number of contexts and includes (but is not limited to): decision support systems, resource and people management applications, project management, and database retrieval applications.
Role of Management Information System in Organizations
How and when companies and organizations use technology is critical to remaining competitive. Computer and information systems managers play a vital role in the technological direction of their organizations. They do everything from constructing the business plan to overseeing network security to directing Internet operations.
Computer and information a system helps to plan, coordinate, and direct research and facilitate the computer-related activities of firms. It helps in determining both technical and business goals in consultation with top management and assists in making detailed plans for the accomplishment of these goals. For example, working with their staff, they may develop the overall concepts and requirements of a new product or service, or may identify how an organization’s computing capabilities can effectively aid project management.
Computer and information systems managers direct the work of systems analysts, computer programmers, support specialists, and other computer-related workers. These managers plan and coordinate activities such as installation and upgrading of hardware and software, programming and systems design, development of computer networks, and implementation of Internet and intranet sites. They are increasingly involved with the upkeep, maintenance, and security of networks. They analyze the computer and information needs of their organizations from an operational and strategic perspective and determine immediate and long-range personnel and equipment requirements. They assign and review the work of their subordinates and stay abreast of the latest technology to ensure the organization does not lag behind competitors.
In Advance country,like America for example, Management Information System is fast gaining ground so much that it has become a discipline and...