Role of Individual in organizations
The individuals play an important role in the functioning of the organization. The members of an organization must be induced, coerced or forced to participate in it. People participate in the organizations when they are going to gain something out of them. For example the desire for remuneration in cash or kind, prestige, the desire to show the skills already acquired etc represent some of the motives of the people in participating in organizations. People tend to identify themselves with the organization in which they participate. There is a close affinity between people’s motives on the one hand and their identification with the organization on the other. The degree of their identification with the organization depends on the nature and intensity of the motives for participating in them. The individual’s identification with the organization is stronger if a number of individual needs are satisfied in it, the organization goals are perceived as shared, the prestige of the organization is perceived to be the greater, there is greater frequency of interaction in the organization and there is less competition within the organization. The individual motives play an important role in the fulfilment of organization goals. People cannot work in organization without any motives, purposes or thinking. They do not work in an automatically or mechanically or in impulsive manner. The success of an organization depends not only on the proper coordination and cooperation of its members but also on the cooperation of others. The others must also be made to contribute to the smooth functioning of the organization. The success of a library depends on its readers etc. An organization is said to have attained equilibrium when it is able to maintain the continued contribution of all its participants –members and others by providing them various kinds of inducements to work for its success.Equilibum may be achieved at various levels. It may change over time. The scope of the organization’s activities may remain constant or may grow or diminish at another level. -------------------------------------------------
Personality, Perception, and Attribution
Individual Differences and Organizational Behaviour
T.A. Judge and R. Ilies link the five factor model of personality in the workplace to the individual and overall satisfaction in the workplace. The “Big Five” personality traits; extraversion (assertiveness), agreeableness (cooperative), conscientiousness (dependable), emotional stability (self-confident), and openness to experience (curious), make up the basic framework as a model of behaviour in the workplace. Judge and Ilies performed extensive research at the universities of Florida and Iowa finding all the correlations these five factors have on the overall job satisfaction of a given professional environment. Although the control factors, methods, and results that Judge and Ilies came up with were impressive, there are many more studies that have produced varying results. Social Perception
Perception is used every day. Perception is how we, as individuals, asses situations. A burning stove top is perceived to be hot. Traffic is perceived to be speeding up or slowing down. People are perceived to be friendly or threatening. Yet when it comes to perceiving people, there are many more perceptions that are made. These social settings and environments are what make up social perception. The same settings can be applied to a smaller scale. This scale can be school, family, or the work force. The work setting can be one of many challenging social perceptions. From the job interview, to leaving the company, and everything in between, employers are evaluating their employee’s job performances, and employees are not only assessing one another, but their employer as well. Perhaps the most important part of social perception is the first meeting of a person, or the first impression. When two people meet...
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