Dummy Stress Management Paper

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4/3/13

STRESS M ANAGEM ENT | PROJECT ON STRESS M ANAGEM ENT | M BA PROJECT ON STRESS M ANAGEM ENT | HR PROJECT ON STRESS M …

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PROJECT ON STRESS MANAGEMENT

CAUSES OF STRESS
Society the working world and daily life have changed almost beyond recognition in the past 50 years. These changes have contributed to a major increase in stress. Stress is caused from both outside & inside the organization & from groups that employees are influenced by & from employees themselves.

Extra organiz ational stressors
Organiz tional Stressors
Group Stressors
Individual Stressors
Stressors:
The agents or demands that evoke the potential response are referred to as stressors. According to Syele a stressors is "Whatever produces stress with or without functioning hormonal or nervous systems".

Extra organiz ational stressors:
Extra organizational stressors have a tremendous impact on job stress. Taking an open system perspective of an organization, it is clear that job stress is not just limited to things that happen inside the organization, during working hours. Extra organizational stressors include things such as social / technological change, the family, relocation, economic & financial conditions, race & class, residential or community conditions. pr ojects99.com/str ess_manag ement.html

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Organiz ational stressors:
Besides the potential stressors that occur outside the organization, there are also those associated with the organization itself. Although the organization is made up of groups & individuals, there are also more macro-level dimensions unique to the organization that contains potential stressors.

MACRO-LEVEL ORGANIZATIONAL STRESSORS:
POLICIES
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Unfair, arbitrary performance reviews.
Rotating works shifts.
Inflexible rules.
Unrealistic job descriptions.

S TR U C TU R E
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Centralization; Lack of participation in decision making.
Little opportunity for advancement.
A great amount of formalization.
Interdependence of departments.
Line-Staff conflicts.

PHYSICAL CONDITIONS
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Crowding & lack of privacy.
Air pollution.
Safety hazards.
Inadequate lighting.
Excessive, heat or cold.

PROCESS
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Poor communication.
Poor / inadequate feedback about performance.
Inaccurate / ambiguous measurement of performance.
Unfair control systems.
Inadequate information.

GROUP STRESSORS:
The group can also be a potential source of stress. Group stressors can be categorized into three areas.
1. Lack of groups cohesiveness: "Cohesiveness" or "togetherness" is a very important to employees, especially at the lower levels of the organizations. If the employee is denied the opportunity for this cohesiveness because of the task design, because the supervisor does things to prohibit or limit it, or because the other members of the group shut the person out, this can be very stress producing.

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1. Lack of social support: Employees are greatly affected by the support of one or more member of a cohesive group. By sharing their problems & joys with others, they are much better off. It this type of social support is lacking for an individual, it can be very stressful. Intra-Individual, interpersonal & inter-group conflict

Conflict is very c losely conceptually or hostile acts between associated with in compatible or hostile acts between intra-individual dimensions, such as personal goals or motivational needs / values, between individuals within a group, & between groups. INDIVIDUAL STRESSORS:

In a sense, the other stressors (Extra organizational,...
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