Chapter 1: Introduction to the Study of Rizal’s Life, Works and Writings Rizal Law and the Teaching of Rizal Course
Republic Act of 1425Or Rizal Law
| * Mandates the teaching of the life, works and writings of Rizal in all schools in the country.
| Jose P. Laurel
| * Sponsored the law because Rizal was the founder of Filipino nationality and the architect of the Filipino nation. * Believed that by reading and studying Rizal’s life, teachings and writings, Filipino youth will gain incorruptible confidence, direction, courage and determination.
| Objectives of Rizal Law (1956)
| * To rededicate the lives of the youth to ideals of freedom and nationalism. * To pay tribute to our national hero for devoting his life and works in shaping the Filipino character. * To gain an inspiring source of patriotism thru the study of Rizal’s life, works and writings.
| …Goals by the Board of National Education(Capino et al, 1997)
| * To recognize the relevance of Rizal’s ideals, thoughts, teachings and life values to present condition in the community. * To apply Rizal’s ideas in the solution of day-to-day situations and problems in contemporary life. * To develop an understanding and appreciation of the qualities, behavior and character of Rizal. * To foster the development of moral character, personal discipline, citizenship and vocational efficiency among the Filipino youth.
| Rizal, An American Sponsored Hero
| * Claims that Rizal was an American-sponsored hero.
| Taft Commission of 1901
| * Not the Filipino people chose Rizal to become our country’s national hero.
| Contenders of the Title of National Hero
| * Rizal, Aguinaldo, Bonifacio and Mabini
| Act No.137
| * Organized a politico-military district and named it as the province of Rizal in honor of the most illustrious Filipino.
| Act No. 243
| * Authorized a public subscription for the erection of a monument in honor of Rizal at Luneta.
| Act No. 345
| * Set aside the anniversary of Rizal’s death as a day of observation.
| Agoncillo (1986)
| * Rizal was accepted as a national hero to the Americans because he was the symbol of assimilation, which was the American policy then in the Philippines.
| Factors according to Constantino (1969) that affected Rizal’s acceptability as official hero of the Philippines
| * Rizal was already dead when the Americans began their aggression in the Philippines. * No embarrassing anti-American quotation could ever be attributed to Rizal. * Rizal’s dramatic martyrdom had already made him the symbol of Spanish oppression.
| Guerrero (1998)
| * Asserts that it is the Filipinos who have chosen Rizal to be the symbol of our nationalism as a people even before he died. * Rizal was the first Filipino.
| Guerrero’s Conclusions
| * Since the Filipinos love peace, they have chosen to magnify a man of peace above the men of war. * Because Filipinos are lovers of freedom and justice, they have given their worship to a man who gave up all comforts and pleasures of the peace for their sake. * Filipinos prize virtue more than victory and sacrifice above success.
| Rizal, Pioneer Asian Nationalist Leader
De Ocampo (1969)
| * Rizal was the first exponent of Asian nationalism since he was the source of inspiration for the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution of 1896.
| Fisher (1962)
| * Called Rizal the Pioneer Exponent of Liberal Democracy in Asia. * Said even before Gandhi and Sun Yat-Sen began their political career, Rizal had already spoken out with firmness and courage ideas on liberal democracy by his writings. * Worth and dignity of the individual. * Inviolability of human rights * Innate equality of all men and races * Necessity for constitutional government * Due process of law * Popular sovereignty as basis of all political authority. * Faith in human reason and enlightenment * Rights of the...
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