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Andres Bonifacio: Filipino Nationalist and Revolutionary

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Andres Bonifacio: Filipino Nationalist and Revolutionary

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Andrés Bonifacio was born November 30 1863, was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary. He was a founder and leader of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. From a young age, he was obsessed with independence for his country from the oppression of the Spanish.He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines. Bonifacio is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first president of the Philippines, but he is not officially recognized. In the beginning he joined the ‘La Liga Filipina’ The Philippine League an organization that fought for reform during the Spanish rule. The group’s aims were to unite the whole archipelago into one vigorous and consistent organization. For defense against all violence and injustice, ‘La Liga Filipina’ was a progressive organization created by Dr. José Rizal in the Philippines. Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath, nationalist and the most prominent advocate for reforms in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He was a unique man of outstanding talents he was named patriot, physician and man of letters whose life and literary works were an inspiration to the Philippine nationalist movement. He was a defender of institutional reforms by peaceful means rather than by violent revolution. He is considered a national hero of the Philippines, but the Spanish government suspected the group was dangerous and a threat. They had Rizal arrested and was implicated in the activities of the potential rebellion and in July 1892, was deported to Dapitan in the province of Zamboanga, a peninsula of Mindanao. Rizal's 1896 military trial and execution made him a martyr of the Philippine Revolution. When Bonifacio learned that Rizal had been exiled, he knew that the days of peaceful reform were over. He understood it would take no less than an armed revolution to free the Philippines from Spanish rule. Unlike Rizal and...