BY: MULILI FRANCIS MUTHENYA.
REG NO: 11S01 DBED 007.
COURSE CODE : EDU 433.
COURSE: SCREENING AND PLACEMENT
METHODS FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
A TERM PAPER PRESENTED TO:
AFRICA NAZARENE UNIVERSITY.
INSTRUCTER: PAUL KIMANI (MR.)
30TH NOV 2013
Disability" means a physical, sensory, mental or other impairment, including any visual, hearing, learning or physical incapability, which impacts adversely on social, economic or environmental participation
All State organs and all public officers have the duty to address the needs of vulnerable groups within society, including women, older members of society, persons with disabilities, children, youth, members of minority or marginalized communities, and members of particular ethnic, religious or cultural communities. Some of the rights for persons with disabilities as entrenched in the Kenya constitution 2010 and Disability act 2003 include:-
A. Right to Education.
One of the Millinium Development goals that was arrived at in Jomtien in 1990 was Education For All by 2015. This meant zero discrimination so even the disabled have a right to education. Its clearly stipulated in the Kenya constitution 2010 that:- (1) No person or learning institution shall deny admission to a person with a disability to any course of study by reason only of such disability, if the person has the ability to acquire substantial learning in that course.
(2) Learning institutions shall take into account the special needs of persons with disabilities with respect to the entry requirements, pass marks, curriculum, examinations, auxilliary services, use of school facilities, class schedules, physical education requirements and other similar considerations.
(3) Special schools and institutions, especially for the deaf, the blind and the mentally retarded, shall be established to cater for formal education, skills development and self reliance. This has been implemented substantially because we have several vocational training institutes with programs geared towards equipping people with disabilities with skills for self reliance. Again the KIE, KNEC have provided appropriate curriculum for people with disabilities and exams set in brail etc.
People with disabilities have fundamental right to medical care and health services as entrenched in the constitution for all citizens in the country. The Ministry of Health has come up with programs on prevention of disability and early identification of disability. Prenatal and Postnatal services have been extended to the village dispensaries to offer guidance to pregnant mothers on how to prevent disabilities on the unborn and young children. In this line Polio and other vaccines are offered free in all levels of health institutions to prevent disabilities.
The Ministry of Health also offers early rehabilitation of persons with disabilities; enabling persons with disabilities to receive free rehabilitation and medical services in public and privately owned health institutions;
Availing essential health services to persons with disabilities at an affordable cost; availing field medical personnel to local health institutions for the benefit of persons with disabilities; and prompt attendance by medical personnel to persons with disabilities are also other services offered by the MOH to ensure that they enjoy their right of health.
C. Accessibility and mobility.
Persons with disabilities are entitled to a barrier- free and disability-friendly environment to enable them to have access to buildings, roads and other social amenities, and assistive devices and other equipment to promote their mobility.
The Kenya Constitution clearly states that:-
(1) No person shall, on the ground of disability alone, deny a person with a disability—...