Understanding the Context of Supporting Individuals with Learning Disabilities.
1.1 Identify Legislation and policies that are designed to promote the human rights, inclusion, equal life chances and citizenship of individuals with learning disabilities.
Mental Capacity Act
Human Rights Act 2000.
No Secrets – Guidance published by the Department of Health, builds upon the governments respects for human rights and highlights the need to protect vulnerable adults through effective multi-agency work. National Care Standards Commission, now the Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI). In Safe Hands: Implementing adult procedures in Wales
The Human Rights Act 1998 became law in Briton in 2000 and its articles and protocols, give all people constitutional rights that were intended to prevent discrimination and unfair treatment, echoing and the idea of advocacy: Being able to say what I like as long as I respect others. Making choices about my life.
Expecting people to listen to me.
Having information about my rights.
Having my rights respected.
Being safe at home and having time to myself.
Speaking out and complaining if something is wrong.
Choosing the people I see and who my friends are.
Getting married and having children.
Living with people that I get on with.
Deciding what I spend my money on and getting paid for what I do.
1.2 Explain how this legislation and policies influence the day to day experiences of individuals with learning disabilities and their families. There is less ignorance in the community as more people with learning disabilities have been able to have better access in the community and the public are getting use to adapting to them. Also due to training at work the public are getting training at work and this is also making them aware about disabled people and they are being taught about disabled people. Also due to legislations, disability act's, SOVA and Mental health acts, disabled people are being employed for work and are not being discriminated against and every one suitable for the job regardless of the disability are being adapted to and employed. Also ''back in the day'' (still in the 20th century) there were a vast amount of institutions and now there are no institutions due to the legislations that have been put in place and the human rights that there are as it is inhumane to institutionalise anyone. Families are also getting more help form the government and are receiving benefits to help them care for their loved ones. They families are also receiving support from the local councils and carers are coming to the home and taking disabled people out in the community. The day centre's also adheres to the day to day legislation, policies and equal opportunities.
2.1 Explain what is meant by learning disabilities.
A significantly reduced ability to understand new or complex information, to learn new skills with: A reduced ability to cope independently, which started before adulthood with a lasting effect on development. Degrees of Learning Disabilities
MILD: Obvious difficulties in learning, especially educational skill, but can acquire skills of everyday living. MODERSTE: Considerable difficulties in learning, will probably need help mastering everyday skills. SEVERE: Substantial difficulties, language abilities will be limited. Will need support with many daily living activities. PROFOUND: Extreme difficulties in all learning. Limited communication and may possibly have physical needs. Will be dependant on others for personal care and other daily living activities.
2.2 Give examples of causes of learning disabilities.
Causes of learning disabilities can occur at various stages of development either before birth or after birth. The...