ENGLISH 1312 (08)
February 26, 2013
Water and Sanitation
The cleanliness of water has always been looked at as an issue that needed to be dealt with. When looking around at articles and papers there are always the ones over the sanitation of water in third world countries and how help is needed there. DALY (disability adjusted life years) is used to measure disease resulting from poor access to water and sanitation facilities. The absence of access to clean water and sanitation is faced by millions living with disabilities. The authors of the article are giving a claim of policy. Their claim is the need to ensure persons with disabilities in the WASH program.
Fifteen percent, or one billion, of the world’s population is disabled. Goal 7 Target C wants to cut population without access to clean water and basic sanitation in half and that goal will not be reached if people with disabilities are not included. Access to clean water and basic sanitation is a right guaranteed under the United Nations Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. The Convention guarantees persons with disabilities rights that the regular law does not give them.
There are two different types of barriers that prevent the disabled from accessing water and sanitation. The two barriers are technical and social. Technical barriers are those that are structural and make it hard for the disabled to access water and sanitation in facilities. An example of technical barrier between the disabled and water is how “many people with impairments are unable to collect water for themselves. Some cannot carry the water the distance required, others find well walls and water taps to high” (Groce et al.). Even if physically disabled person could carry water they most likely will not carry back enough needed, thus restricting the amount they use and consume because inability to carry back the amount needed for the household. It is also time consuming for the person...