“Rights of Allah & The Duties Of his Servants””| |
Allah is One and there is no God except Him. Allah has bestowed immense blessings and innumerable favors on man. Allah’s mercy on man is infinite. Man is the best of Allah’s creations and almost everything created by Him in the heavens and the earth – like sun, moon, stars, plants, gardens, corn, minerals, metals, sea, rivers, rain, mountains, animals, cattle, horses, camels, fish, birds etc. etc. – are directly or indirectly of the benefit or service of man. So for all these blessings and favors, man also owes to Allah certain duties and obligations. In other words there are certain rights of Allah over man which the latter should discharge faithfully and obediently. Man’s duties towards Allah are that man should believe in Him, worship Him alone, praise and glorify Him, be grateful to Him, obey Him, remember Him, pray to Him, fear Him, trust Him, seek refuge to Him, etc. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), in his following traditions, has beautifully summed up rights of Allah on, man and man’s rights on Allah: * Mu’adh said: I was riding behind the Prophet on the back with nothing between him and me but the rear part of the saddle, when he said: “Do you know, Mu’adh, what Allah has a right to expect from His servants, and what His servants have a right to expect from Allah?” I replied, “Allah and His messenger know best”. He said: What Allah has a right to expect from His servants is that they should worship Him, not associating anything with Him, and what the servants have a right to expect from Allah is that He should not punish one who does not associate anything with Him……(Bukhari, Muslim).
* Obadah-bin-Swamet reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: Whoso bears witness that there is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, Allah will make Hell unlawful for him. (Muslim) “RIGHTS OF ALLAH”
* BELIEVE IN ALLAH:
According to Prophet Muhammad, Islam is founded on five pillars which are: * Profession of belief (Iman)
* Prayer (Salat)
* Fasting for the month of Ramadan
* Pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj)
Thus the first and the foremost of the pillars of Islamic faith is the profession of belief. The Qur’an has prescribed for the followers of Islam to believe in Allah the Almighty, in Prophet Muhammad and other Prophets, in Allah’s angels, in Allah’s books including the last book the Qur’an, and in the Hereafter. The belief in Allah is the foremost of all beliefs and hence the most important article of Islamic faith. The Holy Book of Islam calls upon all the mankind to believe in Allah Who is the Almighty and only one God of the universe. Belief in Allah also demands belief in His Oneness. It requires that one must not associate any partner with Allah nor attribute any parents, sons or daughters to Him. The Qur’an says: * The Messenger believes in that which has been revealed unto him from his Lord and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers……(2:285)
* O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messengers and the scripture which He has revealed unto His messenger, and the scripture which He revealed aforetime. Whoso disbelieves in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily hath wandered far astray. (4:136)
* Lo! Those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabeans, and Christians – whosoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and doth right – there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. (5:69)
* WORSHIP HIM:
In the following verses, the revealed book of Islam tells that all the Prophets enjoined their people to worship Allah alone except whom there is no other God. Allah created the mankind and the jinn only that they might worship Him. The Qur’an says: * O Mankind! Worship your Lord, Who has created you and those before you, so that ye may ward off...