World Religion

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Exam #2 Answers

1. How might we, based on William James’ “The Varieties of Religious Experience” (in the Primis Packet), describe the three main branches of Taoism?

By tapping into the more.

2. Huston Smith initially describes wu wei as pure effectiveness, but later in the chapter turns to _____ in order to bring out _____ in the concept.

Creative quietude. The inherent contrast.

3. Finish this thought: One always finds _____ again...but Sisyphus concludes _____.

One always finds one’s burden again… but Sisyphus concludes that all is well.

4. What is the proper relation, according to Islam, between humans and Allah?

The proper relation, according to Islam, between humans and Allah is total submission.

5. What is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the holy month in the Islamic calendar.

6. What approach might Machiavelli emphasize in the study of world religions?

An approach that treats religion and religious figures as political phenomena too and not merely or purely as religious phenomena.

7-10. Write an essay on either Islam or Taoism. The aim of your essay, if on Islam, is to identify or explain the following: Allah, Muhammad, Koran, Hijra, and the first two pillars of Islam. If on Taoism, the tao, Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching, the three main branches of Taoism, wu wei, and ch’i. 

In Islam “Allah” literally means The God. Not a god, for there is only one and “Allah” is it. Allah also wants total submission from anyone who believes in him.

Muhammad is the prophet through whom Islam reached its definitive form, Muslims believe. He is also known as “The Seal of the Prophets,” because there had been many authentic prophets before him, but he was their culmination and no legitimate prophets will succeed him.

The Koran is the bible of Islam, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic.

Hijra is the migration of Muhammad and his followers...
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