Review of Literature

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Running head: RIVIEW OF LITERATURE

REVIEW OF LITERATURE
SOON TAYLOR
GCU: NRS 429
JUNE 8, 2012
PROF. MELANIE ESCOBAR

REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Introduction
We are facing the revolutionary era of shifting health concept and promoting health behavior through multi-influencing factors includes technological advancement and media. More people are aware of the benefits of physical fitness, good nutrition, stress management, and avoidance of health hazards such as smoking and are striving for the optimal health while this world becomes more inter-connected and inevitably each individual is influenced by health-environments of all individuals worldwide (Edelman, 2010). Definition of Health Promotion

Americans are acutely aware of the importance of health promotion achieved by positive health behavior and attempt to improve the health status traditionally focused on reducing disease such as communicable disease. The change is affecting all levels; individuals, groups, community, institutions and government. Our challenge lies to improve access to the care and reduce cost of health services and to improve the quality of life to maintain optimum state of healthy life style for everyone which signifies for the new definition of health promotion. Purpose of Health Promotion

The purpose of health promotion is to positively influence the health behavior of individuals and communities to increase the span of healthy life for Americans, reduce health disparities among Americans, achieve access to preventive services for all Americans Health promotion improves quality life of all people and reduces premature deaths. By focusing on prevention, it reduces the costs of spending in medical treatment not only for individuals but ultimately for the state and the nation (University of Georgia, 2012). (UGA).

Nursing Roles and Responsibilities Health promotion never been more important than it is today and so as nurse’s role. However, the...
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