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EDUCATION IN PAKISTAN
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INTERACTIVE PRESENTATION ON THE WHITE PAPER 28th MARCH, 2007

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BACKGROUND
• • It was realized early that the future of the nation depended on a productive pursuit of knowledge through education Previous policies • did not have widespread ownership of policy goals, strategies or plans were unrealistic • did not match committed resources • lacked uniformity across the geographic spread • achieved progress sporadically and were personality driven • did not have formal oversight and monitoring of implementation of the policy Decentralization of service delivery under the Devolution Plan, Pakistan’s renewed commitment to the Education for All under Dakar Framework of Action, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and the Medium Term Development Framework and most importantly a renewed commitment of the Government of Pakistan to ensure to ensure equitable proliferation of quality education 2



OVER VIEW
• • • • • • • Knowledge is the main driver of progress and advancement of civilization Knowledge adds value to life of an individual and a society Knowledge in itself, is the aim of education External agendas should not pale pursuit of education into the background A dynamic doctrine of social behavior to provide the ideological basis for the Education Policy Dogmas, obscurantism, nostalgia – anything anti change should not influence the mind of the learner Concrete goals and targets – rather then abstract wish lists – should be the propellers of education 3

POLICY FRAMEWORK
• • • • Education for All- a guaranteed fundamental right under Article 37(2) of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Though Education is a Concurrent subject but education policy formulation has to be nationally determined, developed and owned A National Policy formulation will always need to be moderated at the federal level No standardized and agreed format for policy making in the education sector, all previous 9 documents followed varied methodologies The revised National Education Policy to be presented to the competent forums for final approval



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METHODOLOGY
Stage I: Diagnostic: Literature Review Green Papers Research Studies District Consultations Education Conferences (National/Provincial/Area Governments) Stage II: Prescriptive: Issue-based Consultations Organization-based Consultations Coordination with Development Partners Thematic Papers Stage III: Policy Development: The White Paper (December 2006) The White Paper (Revised- February 2007) The Policy Paper Strategy/strategies Implementation Plans

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HIGLIGHTS OF THE WHITE PAPER
The White Paper – has been developed: • • • • • • • • in view of the socio-economic development policies of the state and international obligations through a evolutionary & participatory approach with help of public and institutional incisive, reflective views gained through a broad participatory process based on commonalities of views, reflective of hopes of the people & views of experts for every sub-sector of education with a thrust that is philosophical & thematic, not sectoral without traversing in same breadth from Policy to Strategy to Implementation Plans proposing a number of policy options for debate and discussion; to be accepted, modified or discarded With feedback on the White Paper incorporated in the revised paper to ensure Stakeholders influence the final policy document To set a precedent for a continued dialogue amongst all stakeholders in a reform process 6

THEMES DISCUSSED IN THE WHITE PAPER
1. Governance and Management 2. Quality 3. Equity 4. Access 5. Relevance 6. Religious Education 7. Linkages with Principal Social Issues 8. Education in Emergencies 7

VISION
Recognizing education as a right of the citizen, it is the aim of the state of Pakistan to provide equal and ample opportunity to all its citizens to realize their full potential as individuals and citizens through an...
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