Dalia M. Davidson
Research Process to Problems in Health Care
The purpose of the topic of discussion is to understand and develop methodology of the research process while pertaining to health care. The process included researching and retrieving a peer-reviewed article and applying the research methodology to the article selected. The article selected for research pertains to teen pregnancy. The authors Thomas and Dimitrov wrote the “Effects of a Teen Pregnancy Prevention Program on Teens’ Attitudes Toward Sexuality: A Latent Trait Modeling Approach” article will be used to determine the methods of defining the problem, the purpose of the study, research questions, hypothesis, study variables, conceptual model, the review of related literature and the study design of the selected article. Definition of Problem
The problem addressed within the article is teenage pregnancy. Recent statistics has shown a decline in birth rates of teenagers of all ages. The decline is due to the effects of program interventions in a school-based teen pregnancy program which changes teen’s attitudes towards sexuality. The decline has been pronounced for all racial and ethnic groups with Black teenagers with the most dramatic decline. Also, the decline in teen birth rates justifies the continued local and national efforts to reduce risky sexual behaviors of teenagers. The current rate in the United States remains higher than that for any other industrialized country. The authors concluded that the reason for the higher rates of teenage pregnancy in the U.S. is due to the infrequent use of contraceptive methods. The importance to educate those on ways to prevent teenage pregnancy has become vital to the decline (Thomas & Dimitrov, 2007). Purpose of Study
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of program interventions in a school-based teen pregnancy program on hypothesized constructs underlying...