This chapter will cover the background of the study, problem statement and focus on the objectives and also the research question in order to get full findings of this study. It is also as the overview of what basically this study is all about. It gives slightly the ideas why this study being conduct, the definition of terms, significant of this study and also the limitations that have to face by this researcher while conducting this study.
1.2 Background of the Study
This study will concentrate on the factors that contribute to the child abuse in Malaysia. The number of reported child abuse cases in Malaysia has been increasing in the last few years. This trend is alarming, especially as it may represent only the "tip of the iceberg". While statistics of reported abuse cases are published annually, these alone may not reflect the extent of abuse in a population, the severity of abuse over time or why abuse is occurring. While various factors are commonly associated with the incidence of child abuse, little is known as to how they may or may not contribute to child abuse within the Malaysian context. Against this background, it is desirable to conduct a comprehensive study of child abuse to help us understand the scope and severity of the issue in the general population. This study would also help establish benchmarks for the measurement of child abuse, which would enable the monitoring of future trends in the abuse of children, and in public attitudes towards it. The findings of the study would also be instrumental in developing effective and evidence-based interventions needed to protect children from abuse to ensure them of a safe childhood and a future full of promise. 1.3 Problem Statement
A “child” is anyone under the age of 18, according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and Malaysia’s Child Act 2001. The CRC states that children everywhere are entitled to basic human rights. These rights are interconnected and of equal importance since each right is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child, regardless of their age, gender or ethnicity. Children need to be educated on their rights and be respected as individuals with rights. Among the factors that have been surveyed are financial crisis, depression or mental health problem and drug or alcohol problem. Violence against children includes physical and mental abuse as well as injury, neglect, exploitation and sexual abuse. Tragically, children experience violence in all spaces most familiar to them, in homes, schools, parks and communities they live in. They also suffer abuse and exploitation in orphanages, on streets, in the workplace, in cyberspace as well as in places of detention.
1.4 Research Question
RQ1: Is there any relationship between financial crisis and factors of child abuse?
RQ2: Is there any relationship between depression or mental health problem and factors of child abuse?
RQ3: Is there any relationship between drug or alcohol problem and the factors of child abuse?
1.5 Research Objective
RO1: To determine the relationship between financial crisis and factors of child abuse.
RO2: To determine the relationship between depression or health mental problem and factors of child abuse.
RO3: To determine the relationship between drug or alcohol problem and the factors of child abuse.
1.6 Theoretical Framework
As stated by Malaysia’s Child Act 2001 provides for the protection of children and recognizes that,
“every child is entitled to protection and assistance in all circumstances without regard to distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, social origin or physical, mental or emotional disabilities or any other status”.
Dependent variable is the interest topic that researcher wants to study and investigate. Meanwhile, independent variables are variables that...