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Child abuse and maltreatment is not limited to a particular age and can occur in the infant, toddler, preschool, and school-age years

By | December 2013
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Child abuse and maltreatment is not limited to a particular age and can occur in the infant, toddler, preschool, and school-age years. Choose one of the four age groups (infant, toddler, preschool, or school age) and discuss the types of abuse that are most often seen in this age. Discuss warning signs and physical and emotional assessment findings the nurse may see that could indicate child abuse. Discuss cultural variations of health practices that can be misidentified as child abuse. Describe the reporting mechanism in your state and nurse responsibilities related to the reporting of suspected child abuse. Include in-text citations and references for each of the scholarly sources used. Respond to other learners' posts in a manner that initiates or contributes to discussion. Child abuse, as defined by the U.S. Child Abuse and Treatment Act, is “any intentional act or failure to act by a parent or caretaker that results in a child’s death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation” (as cited in Pinto & Schub, 2013, p. 1). Although child victimization can occur at any age, the youngest age group, infants, are the most vulnerable and “are at greatest risk for severe injury and death from abuse” (CDC, 2010, p. 1). According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), “Victims in the age group of birth to 1 year had the highest rate of victimization” in 2011 (DHHS, 2012, p. 11). Their increased vulnerability is due to their small size, inability to defend themselves, and dependability on others for shelter and food. The most common forms of maltreatment seen in this age group, as reported by the DHHS, is neglect, which includes any failure of a caregiver to provide for the child’s basic needs, such as food, shelter, and medical care. In 2011, more than one third of the children who suffered medical neglect were younger than 3, with the most number of children under 18 months of age (DHHS, 2012). Another form of abuse...

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