THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
This chapter includes the introduction, theoretical framework, statement of the problem, hypothesis, scope and limitation, conceptual framework, significance of the study and the definition of terms used.
Researchers focused much of their attention in studying the importance of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) and Emotional Quotient (EQ) because of the thought that these two are important determinants of success. But few years back, Dr. Paul G. Stoltz introduced another concept which talks about how well a person was able to cope, handle and withstand adversities, to recover from those adversities and to turn them into opportunities. This concept is called Adversity Quotient® (AQ®).
By understanding the concept of AQ® we can better understand how we and others react to challenge and adversity in all aspects of our lives. In fact, how people respond to adversity is a strong indicator of ability to succeed in many endeavors (http://stitchestm. blogspot.com/2007/09/adversity-quotient-aqemerging.html). As Adversity Quotient® tells how an individual withstand adversity and his ability to surmount it and it predicts who gives up and who prevails. Adversity Quotient® is the measure on how an individual respond in a given situation. Also, 2 Adversity Quotient® determines whether an individual will stand strong and true when faced with adversity or the person will be crippled or destroyed (Stoltz, 1999).
Today, most people are faced with different adversities. This is the reason why there are organizations that offer help to those who are in need of it. For students, most especially the freshmen who are experiencing the difficulty of the transition from high school to college, they are also given some guidance by the school through mentoring programs. Facing their new environment would mean facing challenging and different obstacles in their career. But how do they face some difficult situations that come up during their adolescent years? What would be the impact of these conflicting demands to their day-to-day life? How would these young people respond in different adversities?
Adolescence, defined in books, as the transition period that links childhood and adulthood (Davis et al. 2004). Erikson described it as a moratorium, a temporal and psychological gap between the security of childhood and the autonomy of adulthood (Santrock, 2003). Adolescents are prone to peer pressure that can great influence or impact to their attitudes, values, and behaviors.
According to Mendoza (2005), peer group is a contributory factor to an adolescent. This gives strong motivation for gaining social learning. He starts to associate with people. This social relationship with his group forms strong bonding among them. This peer group influences his behavior and decision. And the fact that adolescents are prone to social pressure and conflicting demands, 3 the administration of First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities (FAITH) formed the mentoring program that is in connection to the mission and vision statement of the Institution. The Institute launched the mentoring program to provide the students with guidance as they face the challenges of college life. Initially it was for Education students then the program has been expanded to include all the courses. Faculty members act as mentors to each student to check his or her academic performance, to help resolve concerns and generally oversee the development of the student as an individual and a true professional. (http://www.firstasia.edu.ph/campussdp.asp).
Mentoring is defined, an off-line help by an individual to another person in making significant transitions in work, knowledge or thinking. This mentoring programs aims to help the freshmen overcome the adversities that college life adjustment brings (Araño & Panganiban, 2006).
In light with the increasing popularity of mentoring during...
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