Republic Act 3844

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REPUBLIC ACT No. 3844
AN ACT TO ORDAIN THE AGRICULTURAL LAND REFORM CODE AND TO INSTITUTE LAND REFORMS IN THE PHILIPPINES, INCLUDING THE ABOLITION OF TENANCY AND THE CHANNELING OF CAPITAL INTO INDUSTRY, PROVIDE FOR THE NECESSARY IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES, APPROPRIATE FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES PRELIMINARY CHAPTER

TITLE
DECLARATION OF POLICY AND COMPOSITION OF CODE
Section 1. Title - This Act shall be known as the Agricultural Land Reform Code. Section 2. Declaration of Policy - It is the policy of the State: (1) To establish owner-cultivator ship and the economic family-size farm as the basis of Philippine agriculture and, as a consequence, divert landlord capital in agriculture to industrial development; (2) To achieve a dignified existence for the small farmers free from pernicious institutional restraints and practices; (3) To create a truly viable social and economic structure in agriculture conducive to greater productivity and higher farm incomes; (4) To apply all labor laws equally and without discrimination to both industrial and agricultural wage earners; (5) To provide a more vigorous and systematic land resettlement program and public land distribution; and (6) To make the small farmers more independent, self-reliant and responsible citizens, and a source of genuine strength in our democratic society. Section 3. Composition of Code - In pursuance of the policy enunciated in Section two, the following are established under this Code: (1) An agricultural leasehold system to replace all existing share tenancy systems in agriculture; (2) A declaration of rights for agricultural labor;

(3) An authority for the acquisition and equitable distribution of agricultural land; (4) An institution to finance the acquisition and distribution of agricultural land; (5) A machinery to extend credit and similar assistance to agriculture; (6) A machinery to provide marketing, management, and other technical services to agriculture; (7) A unified administration for formulating and implementing projects of land reform; (8) An expanded program of land capability survey, classification, and registration; and (9) A judicial system to decide issues arising under this Code and other related laws and regulations. CHAPTER I

AGRICULTURAL LEASEHOLD SYSTEM
Section 4. Abolition of Agricultural Share Tenancy - Agricultural share tenancy, as herein defined, is hereby declared to be contrary to public policy and shall be abolished: Provided, That existing share tenancy contracts may continue in force and effect in any region or locality, to be governed in the meantime by the pertinent provisions of Republic Act Numbered Eleven hundred and ninety-nine, as amended, until the end of the agricultural year when the National Land Reform Council proclaims that all the government machineries and agencies in that region or locality relating to leasehold envisioned in this Code are operating, unless such contracts provide for a shorter period or the tenant sooner exercise his option to elect the leasehold system: Provided, further, That in order not to jeopardize international commitments, lands devoted to crops covered by marketing allotments shall be made the subject of a separate proclamation that adequate provisions, such as the organization of cooperatives, marketing agreements, or other similar workable arrangements, have been made to insure efficient management on all matters requiring synchronization of the agricultural with the processing phases of such crops: Provided, furthermore, That where the agricultural share tenancy contract has ceased to be operative by virtue of this Code, or where such a tenancy contract has been entered into in violation of the provisions of this Code and is, therefore, null and void, and the tenant continues in possession of the land for cultivation, there shall be presumed to exist a leasehold relationship under the provisions of this Code, without prejudice to the right of the landowner and the former...
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