MEANING, SCOPE & FUNCTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
Unit Structure 1.0 Objectives 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Meaning of the Philosophy and Education 1.3 Concept of Philosophy of Education 1.4 Scope of Philosophy of Education 1.5 Nature of Philosophy of Education Modes of Philosophical Inquiry 1.6 Functions of Philosophy of Education 1.7 Relationship between Philosophy of Teaching and Teaching Styles This unit deals with the concept of ‗Meaning , Scope, Nature and Functions of Philosophy of Education‘ and hence by the end of the unit you will be able to:
After reading this unit you will be able to : • • • • Discuss the meaning of philosophy of education, explain the unlimited scope of philosophy of education. enumerate the various functions of philosophy of education. State the various methods of Philosophical inquiry describe the relationship between philosophy of teaching and teaching styles.
Philosophy is a search for a general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means. It signifies a natural and necessary urge in human beings to know themselves and the world in which they live and move and have their being. Western philosophy remained more or less true to the etymological meaning of philosophy in being essentially an intellectual quest for truth. Hindu
2 philosophy is intensely spiritual and has always emphasized the need for practical realization of Truth. Philosophy is a comprehensive system of ideas about human nature and the nature of the reality we live in. It is a guide for living, because the issues it addresses are basic and pervasive, determining the course we take in life and how we treat other people. Hence we can say that all the aspects of human life are influenced and governed by the philosophical consideration.As a field of study philosophy is one of the oldest disciplines. It is considered as a mother of all the sciences. In fact it is at the root of all knowledge. Education has also drawn its material from different philosophical bases. Education, like philosophy is also closely related to human life. Therefore, being an important life activity education is also greatly influenced by philosophy. Various fields of philosophy like the political philosophy, social philosophy and economic philosophy have great influence on the various aspects of education like educational procedures, processes, policies, planning and its implementation, from both the theoretical and practical aspects. In order to understand the concept of Philosophy of education it is necessary to first understand the meaning of the two terms; Philosophy and Education.
1.2 MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY & EDUCATION
Meaning of Philosophy The word philosophy literally means love of wisdom; It is derived from two Greek words i.e. 'phileo' (love) and 'Sophia' (wisdom). This tells us something about the nature of philosophy, but not much, because many disciplines seek wisdom. Since times immemorial there have been various pursuits for unfolding the mystery of the universe, birth and death, sorrow and joy. Various ages have produced different thoughts throwing light upon the mystic region. The ultimate truth is yet to be found out. This eternal quest for truth 'lends the origin of philosophy. A love of wisdom is the essence for any philosophy investigation. On the standard way of telling the story, humanity's first systematic inquiries took place within a mythological or religious framework: wisdom ultimately was to be derived from sacred traditions and from individuals thought to possess privileged access to a supernatural realm, whose own access to wisdom, in turn, generally was not questioned. However, starting in the sixth century BCE, there appeared in ancient Greece a series of thinkers whose inquiries were comparatively secular (see "The Milesians and the Origin of Philosophy"). Presumably, these thinkers conducted their inquiries through reason and...